|This is a fascinating document with many, many references to both JACKSONs and also MAULEVERERs (another family that had roots in Northern Ireland). There is also quite a bit about the context of Quakers, Presbyterians and the Established church in the mid-1600s in Westmorland.
Sharon Oddie Brown. August 2, 2010
See Also: The Ejected of 1662 in Cumberland and Westmorland : Their Predecessors and Successors,Vol 1. B. Nightingale, M.A. Manchester,
The Ejected of 1662 in Cumberland and Wstmoreland: Their Predecessors and Successors, Vol 2. B. Nightingale, M.A.
NOTE: The Jackson MSS. is in the Jackson Library, Carlisle - in
the North of England (North of the Lake District). I know very little about
the history of the region nor yet how to do research in
that part of England. Perhaps others can add to this and help me better situate
some of these JACKSONs – in particular Richard JACKSON, vicar of Whittington
(and seemingly elsewhere).
JACKSON, 1705 1738.
He was instituted August
24th, 1705 on the removal of Stainton, being at the time Head Master of the
St. Bees Grammar School. He was the son of Thomas
Jackson of Swithindale, Westmorland, and matriculated at Queen's College,
July 3rd, 1679, at the age of 19 years. So says Foster, and he would appear to be correct, the following being
On June 5th, 1686, Sir John
Lowther, writing to Sir Daniel Fleming about the Head Mastership of St. Bees
School, says that "' one Mr. Richard
Jackson, a physician near Kendal, who left Queen's College a year
since, would do very well, if no ill habits be since contracted. " A month later he says : " I think well of Mr. Jackson on the whole ; " and on
April 23rd, 1687, he says that he is " doing extraordinarily well,"
and that " the School has doubled." On July 24th, 1690, Jackson writes to Sir Daniel Fleming
respecting an inscription near Beckermet " at the foot of a hill called Carnarvon Castle."
In his early years, at
least, it would appear that his sympathies were strongly Jacobite
; hence the following : CCLXIX. Mr. Richard Jackson For Seditious Words. Aug. 4. 1689.
Before Richard Patrickson Esq. Mr. John Stevin, quarter-Master in Lt. Cll.
Levyson's troope of dragoons in the Queen's regiment, saith that, on Friday,
being in Company with Mr. Richard Jackson,
Schoolmaster of St. Beese, the said Mr. Jackson did suddenly rise upp from his seate, and askte him who he was for. He
replyed he was for King William, but Mr. Jackson said he was for King James. And being askte by his ext. if he knew what he
said, Mr. Jackson answered he did, and
clapeing his hand on the table said he woo'd stand by it soe longe as he had
a drope of blood in his body. And he further said itt was noe treason to
drinke King James health.
The following testimony to
his fitness and character for the ministry is interesting :
These are to Certifie all
Persons whom it may concern more especially the Right Reverend Father in God,
Nicholas Lord Bishop of Chester that we know Mr. Richard Jackson Master of the Free Gramar Schoole of
St. Bees to be a Person of a pious sober, and regular Life, and well affected
to the presnt Government in Church and State as by Law Established, In
witness whereof we have here- unto Set our Hands
July the 22
Rector of Distington
Ra : Calvert Rector
Jos : Pennington
Tho : Orfeur Rector
Tho : Robinson Rector of Egremond Chr.
Denton Rector of Gosford Ri Stainton late Curat at St
Bees Robt. Mawson Rector of Waberthwaite
In 1734, in addition
to his other two appointments, he obtained the living at Barton in Westmorland ; but he enjoyed it only a short time. He died
in 1738, and was buried at St. Bees where a monument, thus inscribed,
perpetuates his memory :
Here lies the body of the
Rev. Mr. Richard Jackson, Vicar of
Barton, Minister of this Church 33 years, and 52 years schoolmaster of the
Free Grammar School of Saint Bees. He, with unwearied diligence, uncommon
success, and .deserved applause, discharged the important duties of an
industrious master, a faithful pastor, and a good Christian. He died July
28th, 1738, aged 80 years. Memento Mori. 1
An interesting feature of the
Registers is the insertion of the baptisms of children in the Dissenting
Meeting House at Whitehaven.
In her Will, Eliz. Tickell, widow of Thorn. Tickell, late
of Whitehaven, dated August 30th, 1694, speaks of her grandsons Richard,
Thomas, Patricius, and William Tickell; and of her sons-in-law as being Mr.
Ebenezer Gale, Mr. Richard Jackson,
and Mr. John Gale. Sir John Lowther, July 5th, 1692, says that he intends " to give the living of Distington to the Master of
St. Bees School, so that the school endowments may be used to provide more
This, however, was not done.
The old chapel had been the School, and its ministers the School- masters of the little Community, yet when
separate buildings were erected the religious office of the teacher did not altogether cease, for the minister
of the new church paid the Schoolmaster to read prayers. Richard Cooper, Schoolmaster, was buried
Sept. 9th 1694. After him I believe one Jackson held the office, then Peter Parish and he was succeeded
by James Farish. The latter is stated to have officiated at Burials. The Registers by their writing indicate
that Francis Yates was waxing old and assistance had become necessary. Christopher Bowerbank M.A.
was admitted May. 14. 1718; and his brief Curacy closed shortly after July 22. 1719. James Farish, named
as School- master, was licensed to officiate as Deacon at Whitehaven Oct. 3. 1718. I believe he was
intended to officiate at Moresby so far as his orders would allow, to still further relieve the dying man,
who had also held that living from 1711 and to him at that place Farish succeeded when he died. He was
buried in the old Churchyard June 18. 1720.
RICHARD JACKSON, 1702. He signs as Minister in this year [of Cleator – a few miles east of
Whitehaven], and is probably the St. Bees Schoolmaster. 2 He was appointed on Benn's resignation. 3
C[harles]. NOBLE, 1705. He was appointed on the resignation of Jackson.
R. JACKSON, 1702-5. [Haile – 4 mi south east of Egremont] Doubtless the person of that name who was at
St. Bees, &c. * JOHN PARKER, 1705. On the resignation of R. Jackson. He signs as Curate in this year.
A person of this name was at Raughton Head in 1732. 2
Gosforth 837 Curates appear to have been:- John Bewes who buried his wife Margaret, June 8, 1597, and
married Janeta Jackson vid " Dec. 21 of the same year;
JAMES THOMPSON, 1637. The Registers have : Klerikos Jacobus Thompson & Agneta Jackson
Conjugati 13 die Maij Ao Dnj 1637 Kl.
lines may certifie yu yt we have in our parish one John Pirt & his wife
Isabell yt are Comon Sabbath-breakers the bake ther bread upon the Lords day
as will Appear by the evidence of one Richard
Jackson in Corney who was an eye witness to yt action Isabell the wife
of the above named Pirt did bring forth her full born Son within 20 weeks
after the were married, we did at yor Court at Ravenglass present one Wm. Jackson for not receiveing the Sacrament
of the lords supper & pirt did advise him to come to you & Mr.
Trotter & Inform you concerning all the defamation yt ever were heard
agst me & you would sett him at liberty & he should be free I pray
you be not slow to punish this man who is admitted of all his neighbours for
impiety you may by a citation (if you please) wch you may send by this bearer
call him to Kendall the next Court, he is a man of noe courage but rich
enough therefore cause him to pay for his Roguery the bearer will confirm
what I averr If you enquire of him; wt I have here writte I pray yu doe not
discover for if he knew he would scarce faile to doe my cattell a mischief
this is all from him who is Corney Maij llth 1692
Sr. yr humble Servt
Wm. Benson. Mr. Josiah Lambert att his office in Kendall.
WILLIAM JACKSON, 1724 1727. He was instituted in
1724 [Whitbeck – 2 miles north of Whicham] on the removal of Daniel Steele.
DANIEL NOBLE, 17271735. Entered upon "ye cure of Whitbeck 8br ye 10th
1725." So the Registers; but the Act Book gives 1727 as the date, the
cause of vacancy being the death of Jackson.
At the Bishop's Visitation June 30, 1674, Muncaster is- given as vacant. Admission to the Curacy here was
given to William Grainger August 31, 1686, by " Tobias Wickham S.T.P. Dec. et cap. Ebor." From this point
Muncaster and Waberthwaite appear to be joined in the same person and information about other occupants
of the living must be sought under Waberthwaite. 4 The Waberthwaite Registers give the burial of Robert
Mawson, Minister of Muncaster, on February 24, 1707. He was instituted in 1704 and possibly served as
Curate for Henry Holmes, who held both Waberthwaite and Muncaster. It is, however, not easy to fix
Mawson, for, in 1705, he signs Richard Jackson's Certificate as "Rector of Waberthwaite."
WILLIAM BENSON, B.A., 16771738.
He was ordained Deacon by Henry Sodor, January, 18, 1675; Priest by Nicholas of Chester, May 21, 1676;
and instituted July 31, 1677, on the Presentation of Miles Pennington. Doubtless this is the person who was
The following interesting letter is from his pen :
These 2 lines may certifie yu yt we have in our parish one John Pirt & his wife Isabell yt are Comon Sabbath
-breakers the bake ther bread upon the Lords day as will Appear by the evidence of one Richard Jackson in
Corney who was an eye witness to yt action Isabell the wife of the above named Pirt did bring forth her full
born Son within 20 weeks after the were married, we did at yor Court at Ravenglass present one Wm.
Jackson for not receiveing the Sacrament of the lords supper & pirt did advise him to come to you & Mr.
Trotter & Inform you concerning all the defamation yt ever were heard agst me & you would sett him at
liberty & he should be free I pray you be not slow to punish this man who is admitted of all his neighbours
for impiety you may by a citation (if you please) wch you may send by this bearer call him to Kendall the
next Court, he is a man of noe courage but rich enough therefore cause him to pay for his Roguery the bearer
will confirm what I averr If you enquire of him; wt I have here writte I pray yu doe not discover for if he
knew he would scarce faile to doe my cattell a mischief this is all from him
who is Corney Maij llth 1692 Sr. yr humble Servt
ffor Wm. Benson.
Mr. Josiah Lambert att his office in Kendall.
Right Honrable Col. Benson returned home to Kendal Wednesday last, he reports of yor Lorps favour
towards him & greate paynes yor Lorp take for effecting his desires in his busynes. he is vry thankefull &
so am I his friend to God in rayssing up yor Lorp for the many Noble favours you did for him & I prsume
he shall evr testyfy it in any service (to his powr) that yor Lorp shall comand. I am intreated by two speaciall
friends to the cause to write to yor Lorp in ther behalfe. I make bold to do it knoweing yor Lorps readynes &
noble disposition to here & help honest men, in any lawfull & faiseable mattr. First one Mr. Jackson
ministr of Whittingham neare Kyrby Lonsdall, a vry pious & honest able man haveing heretofore entred
bond as surety wth a popish recusant (I psume it was wth hopes to gayne him to or Church) principall for
the sume of 100£, this was donne before these troubles, & the popish gentleman proveing a Delinquent all
his lands & meanes beinge sequestred, is utterly disabled to satisfy that debt, whereuppon honest Mr.
Jackson is like to beare the burden, but I feare it will breake his backe & the creditours (now tyme
begineing to be open (?) in Lancashire where Mr. Jackson lives that suites may be tryed) doth labour to
pursue Mr. Jackson & recovr his 100£ of him wch indeed is easyly done for the bond is cleere. Yet if lawe
pceede agaynst Mr. Jackson & compell him to pay it as it will do, he will "be undone, and not able to subsist
haveing wife & many children, 14 children he hath & the 15th (is by this tyme borne for every houre his wife
lookes for it) this is this honest ministrs desire & I earnestly desire the same, that yor Lorp be pleased to
advise his friend (that will repaire to yor Lorp) what course may be taken that Mr. Jackson may have
satisfaction, if any be to be had out of the delinquents estate of lands or woods, or any way whereby
himselfe & the publike be not priudiced, we leave it to yor Lorps wisdome, & information of any that shall
be imployed to come to yor Lorp. I am sure if yor
Lorp can help him you shall not neede repent of it he is so honest a ministr. My other friend is Capteyne
Bippon of Lancastr, I assure yor Lorp he is a vry deserveing mam and hath done vry valliantly in this service
it seemes, tho it is arreares behynde. I desire yor Lorp to direct him and helpe him, himselfe can best informe
yor Lorp the case how it stands, & what he shall relate to yor Lorp concearneing his desires yor Lorp may
credite him for he is godly & honest & such men deserve to be respected encouraged thus hopeing yor Lorps
favours will further him & finish his busynes I humbly desire pdon for my boldnes wth my continuall prayrs
for yor Lorp I rest Yor most faythfull servant in the Lord Jesus
Henrie Masy Kendall the 28th of ffebr
1645 [Endorsement cannot be seen except :]
about Capt Bippon
Mr. Jackson a minister. Mr. Jackson a minister.
Right Honrable Yor Lorp wished me to take notice what lands or rents ar in Westmrland belongeing to the
Bisp of Chester. I have formrly certifyed yor Lorp ther ar none, & therefore if yor Lorp please to pcure any
addition of meanes to my poore Vicaradge of Kendall, I desire yor Lorp (I am resolved of yor Noble
favours) that you thinke of Durham or any othr bysh [Bishop] estates for this purpose. Colonell Benson
at his returne, putt me in mynde of anothr way ; the Earle of Worcester & the Lord Herbert now Earle of
Glamorgan (Worcestrs Sonne) have land in Kendall parke, neere or towne to the value of lOOli or sixcore
pounds p annu that is undr Sequestration (yor Lorp knowes what there conditions ar) & likely to be (by the
pliament) disposed of wch if yor Lorp shall add to my income I shall take as a greate blessing from god &
yor Lorp & shall endeavour to be really thankefull. beggars must not be choosers therefore I submitt &
leave all to yor Lorps disposall, whether here or there, so it be done, I had almost sayd it must be done. I
desire yor Lorp let me be bold to say something concearneing ye Kirby Stephen. When I was in London last o more) to independent side. I
confesse the inclination is towards many godly & worthy mens opinions, if ther opinions do terminate in
what is knowne at psent, if discipline were all they stand on it were no greate mattr, but I feare (I have reade
some thing that ther doctrine wch now is orthodoxey & they declare nones els) wilbe found otherwise,
before yor Lorp step further into that streame, I desire yor Lorp to be sure there is footeing towarde safety
for assure yor selfe they have not as yet declared themselves & many engredients must be of othr opinions
now extant to make up a
miscellanious worke, I am weake I know yor Lorp is wise, the pducte of the pmisses is following : if yor
Lorp should too much dote on and adore that way, it may be pbable yor Lorp will send a ministr of that
make to Kyrby Stephen wch would be vry inconvenient ptly in regard novelty yet disputable in or Country
though I hope he & my selfe should well accorde in affections though not in opinions & ptly in regard of yor
Lorps outward content as thus yor Lorp must pay him yearely so much, & gathr the tythes, for they deny &
will not accept of tithes. & if yor Lorp should afford him (as I psume you will) a sufficient meanes, yet aftr
a short tyme he shall undrstand that tithes be payd to yor Lorps servant he canot forbeare (by ther owne
principles) but must preach agaynst the pishioners for paying & yor Lorp for takeing tithes wch I knowe
will come to passe experience in some place this side Trent proves the truth of the pmisses wherefore if
yor Lorp please to suspend the disposall of that liveing but a little I shall god willing shortly aftr Eastr
waite on yor Lorp in London aboute my pticular above mentioned & then I doubt not (though I am unworthy
to prsume) but I shall (if yor Lorp please to afford me that favour) fitt yor Lorp wth a vry able, honest &
godly ministr, for that people must be pounded in a mortar & made up a newe, if yor Lorp please to hearken
to me one of yor Lorps most faythfull devoted servants. I hope God shall have glory that people comfort, &
yor Lorp full content for I knowe the mystry. I humbly desire yor Lorp pdon my boldnes 1 am yor Lorps
sincere friend & shall remayne
Yor Lorps faythfull Servant in the Lord Jesus
Appleby the 3th of March 1645. Henrie Masy.
1696. The Association. Whereas there has been A horrid &
detestable Conspiracy formed and Carryed on by Papists and other Traterous
persons for Assassinating his Majesties Royall pson in order to incurrage an
Invation from ffrance to subvert our Religious Lawes and Liberty. Wee whose
names are hereunto Subscribed Doe heartily Sincearly and Solemnly pfes
[profess] testifie and declare that his psent Majesty King William is
Rightfull and lawfull King of these Realmes and wee doe Mutually pmis
[promise] and engage to stand by & assist each other to the utmost of our
power in the Support and defence of his Majesties Most Sacred person &
Government against the late King James, and all his adherents And in case his
Majestie come to any violent or Untimely death (which God forbid) Wee doe
hereby further freely & unanimously oblige our Selves to Unite Associate
and Stand by each other in Revengeing the same upon his Enimies & their
adherents and in Supporting & defending the Succession of the Crowne
according to an Act made in the ffirst year of the Raigne of King William
& Queen Mary entituled an Act declaring the Rights & libertyes of the
Subject & Settling the Succession of the Crowne.
Register of the names and Sirnames of all such persons as have Subscribed the
Association aforesaid at the Quarter Sessions of the peace aforesaid
according to A late Act of Parliament intituled An Act for the better
Security of his Maties Royall pson & Governmt.
Berkhead Edward Nicholson John Jefferson Curate of Old Hutton. Schoolmr of
Kendall John ffirbank Joseph Heath Gangr Schoolmaster of K. Lonsdale. Anthony
Saul Benjamin Johnson Joseph Ward Richard Baynes Willm Jackson Viccr Charles Saul de Beathom Sam :Green Wm.
Slater Curate Robt Heblethwaite of Killington Robert Cooke John Proctr Curate
John Barker of Middleton Robert Philipson …
... John Jackson
[following General Assemblies and signatories to petition concerning safety of King William & Mary on
p 951] Appleby last day of July John Jackson
Appleby Aug 1st 1696 Thomas Jackson Scholae
In all probability John Myriell was appointed, for he was here in January 1653-4. 2 His removal to
Torpenhow as Minister led to a vacancy which was filled by Richard Jackson, as the following shows :
Kendall. November the 22th 1655. Whereas the Comrs for the propagating the Gospell in the ffoure
Northerne Countyes have setled the yearely Summe of Three pounds Six shillings and Eight pence out
of the tithes of Thirnbye the further yearely sume of Three pounds & six shillings and eight pence out of
the tithes of Sleagill the further yearely Sume of ffoure pounds out of the tithes of Great Strickland and the
further yearely Sume of Two pounds thirteene Shillings and ffoure pence out of the tithes of Little Strickland
all within the County of Westmorland parcell of the possessions of the late Deane & Chapter of Carlisle
upon the Schoolmaster of Kendall in ye said County It is ordered that the same bee continued from time to
time unto Mr. Richard Jackson Schoolmr of the said Schoole and to bee from time to time continued unto
him for such time as hee shall descharge the duty of Schoolmr there or untill further Order of the said
Trustees And that Mr. Edmund Branthwaite Receiver doe pay the same unto him accordingly.
John Thorowgood Edw. Cressett Ri Sydenham Ra. Hall John Humfrey. 3
1. Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Mm.), 1006.
2. Vide pp. 128, 936.
3 Lambeth MSS. (Plund. Min.), 977.
This place is not to be confused with Crosthwaite near Keswick. It lies some six miles south west of Kendal,
and about the same distance north of the mother Church at Heversham. From Kendal the road leads through
the interesting little village of Underbarrow, already named in connection with the Quaker movement.
Crosthwaite served as a Chapel of Ease for Heversham, and the Registers say :
Ecclesia Crosthwaitiensis santificata fuit 7 Julij Anno Dom 1557.
The Church is dedicated to St. Mary. The first Register Book is of paper and much dilapidated ; but it has
been carefully transcribed by the present Vicar. Whellan says the Registers begin in 1600, being therein
incorrect, as he frequently is. The first half dozen pages are mere fragments but the following has been
WILLIAM JACKSON, B.A., 16831709. He was ordained Deacon by John of Chester September 22, 1672;
Priest by the same, September 21, 1673; instituted April 13, 1683, and inducted the same day by the Bishop ;
and obtained a Faculty to teach the School in the Parish, September 22, 1673. 2 He was the son of Richard Jackson, Rector of Whittington, Lancashire, and was educated partly at Sedbergh and partly at Kirkby
Lonsdale. He entered St. John's College, Cambridge, in 1644. 3 The following Jackson entries are taken
from the Registers :
Gulielmus Jackson clericus et Dorothea Salkeld Juncti sunt in corwmbio octavo die Januarij A.D. 1674.
Tho. films Gulielmi Jackson Vicarii baptizatus fuit sexto die mensia Octobris Anno Dom. 1675.
Judeth filia G. Jackson vicar baptizata fuit quinto die mensis Decembris Anno Dom. 1676.
Elizabetha filia Gulielmi Jackson Clerici baptizata fuit nono die Junii A.D. 1679.
Maria filia Gulielmi Jackson Clerici baptizata fuit duodecimo die Octobris Anno Dom. 1681.
All these follow in immediate succession, and they seem to indicate that Jackson had already charge of the
living at an early date. The Act Book, however, gives his Instition both under April 13 and 30, 1683, on the
Presentation of the King " per lapsum." Doubtless the explanation is that he was serving as Curate for
Brockbank until 1683, and that that date marks Brockbank's relinquishment of the living. He died in 1709,
the following being his burial entry :
1. Al. Ox. 2. The Act Book (Chester Registry). 3. Sedbergh School Register, p. 80.
Gulielmus Jackson qui fuit hujus Ecclesiae Pastor fidelissimus sepultus erat decimo quarto die Septembris
1709 in hac Parochia annos ferme quadraginta curam animarum habuit obiit Aetat. 68 et nunc requiescit in
This district was early affected by the Quaker movement, and that it long found considerable 'support here
the following items testify :
In 1651. I find Chr. Bisbrown of Arnside a Churchwarden but he turned Quaker & wou'd not act. The Court fin'd Him 5s. [This of course is Hutton's entry in the Registers.] Marriages 1664.
Thomas Preston et Agmeta, Pie de Overthwaite not married by me but taken one another being Quakers. 1
Appeale. Easter .1699.
James Whereas it appears to this Court upon the Appeale of Kellett James Kellett that there hath been Judgement Granted agt the said James by 2 of his Maties Justices
of the peace at the Complaint of William Jackson Cl. Viccor of the parish & parish Church of Bethome for
some ptended arreares of Tyeth & small dues & the said Wm. Jackson not defending the said appeale
according to notice given It is therefore ordered by this Court yt ye said Judgemt be Sett aside & made
void &c. 2 It may be added that in the vestry of the Church is quite an interesting collection of important documents,
together with a considerable library of old books, which would probably repay careful examination.
1. Beetham Registers.
2. The Kendal Order Book
1652 Richard Jackson of Whittingham
Certificate to F. Jackson, Schoolmaster of Kirkby Lonsdale, on his appointment to Warton, near Lancaster,
in Aug. 1655
Richard Jackson, Rector of Whittingham, and Leonard Jackson, " de eod. Church.
At the General Sessions, April 18, 1656, " before Robert Jackson, Mayor of Kendall,
1646 petition signed by Robert Jackson
Unlike Henry Masy of Kendal Higginson did not unduly trouble his Patron with letters, and Lord Wharton
reminded him of the fact. This drew from him the following valuable communication. Unfortunately it bears
no date, but it must have been written about 1655 or 1656:-
Right Honourable. The true reason why I write so seldome is, because I see almost nothing of such
Importance or pertinency as to invite me to sett my pen on work to your Lordship. Sir If it might please
God so to setle the greatest affaires of the Kingdome, that you might have liberty to come downe into these
Northerne parts, to stay some while, I am verily persuaded, your presence would do a great deale of good
here, both to encourage all the well-affected, & to discountenance the contrary party wch excells (I hope)
only in number The Inhabitant* of our Parish are yet stiff e in retaining their old though groundlesse-
Customes : & they have I think the worse opinion of me reporting me to be an Independent because I
endeavour sometimes when a necessity" lyes upon me to persuade them to forsake them. But they are
not words that will persuade them, that have not either reason or witt enough to understand them. It must
be Authority ; that only will be a Convincing Argument to refractory men. There appears to be a great
want indeed of an established Government in the Church. It yet seems almost strange (me thinks) that it hath
pleased God to bring me downe into Westmorland to be married Shee that is now mine in the relation of a
wife is Sheriffe Branthwaits Eldest Daughter. One She is, thank God, of a very good repute, Nature, &
inclination to Religion. I hope I shall have cause to be thankfull to God, & under him to your Lordship
(who sent me down into this Country where God had provided this happiness for me) all my dayes for
this mercy. I must acknowledge, it hath been my intention, & my promise to God & my self since my
last arrivall in England from East India, not to delay the first opportunity of a suitable marriage wch
divine Providence should offer me. And now I have obtained this favour of the Lord ; Blessed be his
name. The Augmentation
that was made to Mallerstang Chappell failing Mr. Jackson is lately removed from thence to Grayrigg
(another village in this County. Some of the best of the dale desire Mr. Preston to be their Preacher. I think
it is better he be there then that they should be utterly destitute or have a worse. I have promised them tenne
pounds p ann, while It pleases God to continue me here, untill there may be some Augmentation obtained &
setled upon that Chappell.
The Schoolemaster at Kirkby Stephen is about to remove to a benefice in Cumbrland ; & so the Schole is
like to be void within a litle while. There are diverse that seek to obtain the place ; & among the rest one
Mr. Kiplin hath gott the grant of diverse of the Feoffees of whom I am none (they say) till I be elected.
heare many of the parish & some others report, that according to Queen Eliz. Grant, your Lordship hath
nothing to doe, either for the Nomination or Approbacon of a man for the place, whereof I desire to give
your Lordship notice Sir, my earnest prayer to God for your Lordship is, that it would please him long to
preserve you, to be a great Instrument for his glory the good of his Church & for the setlement of this
destracted nation : & my hearty desire is that according to my bounden duty I may ever approve my self
Most obliged & (however weak, yet) faith full Servant, especially in the Ministry of the Gospell
1639 July 10. Elleonar daughter of Mr. Edmund Mauleverer. 1642, March 9 Wilyam sonn of Edmund Mauleverer Rhector Ibid. 1645 March 26. Philippe sonn of Edmund Mauleverer.
Whether after his Sequestration he modified somewhat his views does not appear, but soon after he obtained
a living at Marske, in the West Riding of Yorkshire. The following gives the date of his appointment :
6 Feb. 1646-7. Ordered &c. That Doctor Aylett or his lawfull Deputy are hereby authorized and required,
upon sight of this Order, to give Institution and Induction unto Edm. Maleverer Clerk Master of Arts to the
Rectory of Marsk in Com. Richmond, void by the Death of John Jackson Clerk, the late Incumbent, Salvo,
the said Mr. Maleverer taking the National Covenant, and producing his Presentation thereunto under the
Hand and Seal of Jo. Hutton Esquire, the lawful Patron, pleno Jure.
CHRISTOPHER JACKSON, B.A., 165T 1660.
Calamy gives the following account of this interesting man, retaining the old name of Crosby-on-the-Hill for
Crosby Garrett :
Mr. Christopher Jackson. Born at Leeds in Yorkshire, and design'd for a Trade, and put out an Apprentice :
But his Friends observing his Bookishness, took him from his Trade, and sent him to Magdalen College in
Cambridge, where he studied under Mr. Joseph Hill. He was a very Pious Man, and of competent Learning,
He was first turn'd out somewhere in Yorkshire, and afterwards in this Place. He liv'd a Mean but yet an
Holy Life having a little Estate in the Parish of Ravistondale. He sometimes preach'd occasionally. Some
Ministers that had Conform'd once telling him that he had a bare Coat, he made Answer that if it was bare,
it was not turn'd. 2 Further research makes it possible to supplement that account considerably. The Tutor of Magdalen College
in supplying an extract from the Matriculation Register says :
"Junii 22. 1652 Christopherus Jackson films Thomae de Leedes in comitatu Eboracensi annum agens
vigesimum primum e schola ibidem Leodiensi admissus est Pensionarius Tutore Mro. Hill." There is
however no further trace of his having been admitted to a Scholarship or Fellowship at Magdalen. The
University Registrar informs me that a Christopher Jackson of Magdalen College took his B.A. in 1655,
but does not appear to have proceeded to any higher degree. 3
1. Add. MSS., Brit. Mus., 15671.
2. Calamy, vol. ii, p. 753.
3. Ravenstonedale Registers, vol. iii,
Intro., p. xvii.
All this is confirmatory of Calamy; but there is some difficulty in reference to the statement that he " was
first turn'd out somewhere in Yorkshire." It is quite true that the position of any holder of a living Royalist
and Cromwellian alike was considerably affected by local influences, consequently an Ejection of a
Commonwealth man was possible, but it would be exceedingly rare between the years 1650 and 1660 ;
and the reader is referred to the account of Dalston where the point is discussed. 1 It is curious to find
about this time a Christopher Jackson at Mallerstang Chapel as witness the following :
Novembr 21. 1646. Malerstang Chapel.
Whereas this cotee have the third of June last ordered that the yearelie sume of ffiftie pounds should be
paid out of such of the tithes of the Impropriate Rectory of Kerkby Stephen in the Countie of Westmerland
as are Sequestred from Sr Phillipp Musgrave & Sr Wm. Dalston Delinquents to & for increase of ye
maintennoe of the Minister of the Chappell of alerstange annexed to but distant from the Church of
Kerkby Stephen aforesaid about 4 miles the pnte maintennce belonging to the sd Chappell beinge but
61i 13s 4d p Ann It is ordered that the sd yearlie Sume of 501i be paid to & for increase of the maintennce
of Christopher Jackson the psnte Minister of the. d Chappell. And the Sequestrators of the pmisses are
required to paie the same unto him accordinglie at such tymes & seasons of the yeare as the said tithes
shall grow due & payable- 2
Francis Higginson, in his letter to Lord Wharton about 1655, says that this Christopher Jackson had left
Mallerstang for Grayrigg. 3
In October 1657, Christopher Jackson appears at Crosby Garrett. 4 Nor did he wait for 1662 to be "outed,"
as is generally assumed ; but, as in the case of most of the other Ministers ejected in this area, the Restoration
led to his almost immediate removal. The patronage of the living, held by Cromwell during his regime,
would, with the return of the King, at once revert to Sir Philip Mus-
grave, from whom it had been wrested, and he would not be slow in making his influence felt. At any rate
we know that Mauleverer was already back at Crosby Garrett in June 1661. Around no person does local
tradition gather more strongly and persistently than it does around Christopher Jackson. His name is almost
a household word in these parts ; and all writers on local Ecclesiastical History repeat Calamy's statement,
amplified and emphasized, that after his Ejection he continued to reside in the Parish on his own estate and "preach'd occasionally." It is also confidently affirmed that the present Congrega- tional Church at
Ravenstonedale originated in his labours. It is a little disappointing to find no historic evidence in
support of this. Christopher Jackson's name does not appear in the Conventicle Returns for 1669 ; in
the Presentment Lists for 1670; or in the Indulgence Licenses for 1672. It is not intended in this to throw
doubt upon the traditions which gather so plentifully, and in such strength, in this neighbourhood; indeed it
is scarcely possible to deny that such traditions must have a solid substratum of fact. Nor is it difficult to
account for the silence of historic documents. Christopher Jackson would enjoy the sheltering care of Philip, "the good Lord Wharton," and in his case a License might not be necessary. At any rate all that it is intended
to make clear is that this is tradition only; not historic fact. That Christopher Jackson continued to live in the
neighbourhood is tolerably certain ; and " when and where he died " are no longer " unknown " facts.
The Registers supply the lacking information : 1689 May 29 Mr. Christopher Jackson buried in woolen according to Act of Parliament.
The Ravenstonedale Registers record his marriage in the following terms :
1664 Aprill 7. was wed Mr. Christofer Jackson & Annas Taylor.
A notice possibly of her burial appears in the Crosby Garrett Registers thus :
1688 Janu. 17th. Agnes Jackson was buried in woollen and a Certificate brought according to Act of
The Registers at Great Asby contain numerous Jackson entries, and some years ago Joseph Jackson, a native
of Little Asby, left a sum of money for the erection of the present Congregational Church there, in memory of
the Ejected Minister, from whom he claimed to have descended. The Ravenstonedale Registers also record
the marriage of a " Christofer Jackson and Sarah Handley," on Nov. 25, 1647.
EDMUND MAULEVERER, 1660 1663.
Along with many others he petitioned the House of Lords in June 1660, for restitution to his living at Crosby
Garrett, the following being the terms of his Petition : -
To the right honorble the Lords in Parliamt assembled.
The humble Peticon of Edm Mauleverer Cl. p'som and minister of Crosby Gerratt in the County of
That ye petnr for these sixteene yeares last past hath beene most illegally ejected and Thurst out of his
psonage of Crosbye Gerratt in the County of Westmland and from the exercise of his Ministeriall duty
there onely for his Loyalty and good effecon to his matie.
May it therefore please yor Lordpps to Grant yor ORDER for the secureing of the Tythes Gleabes and pfitts
thereof into the hands of such persons as yor Lordpps shall thinke fitt untill yor petnr's tytle to his said psonage
shall be determined by due Course of Law And he shall pray &c. Edm. Maulever.
I can Testifie The trueth of this petition for the petitioner was presented by Mee and forcebly eiected for his
Loyalty to his Maty And is a conscientious worthy Devine Philip Musgraue Sr. Phil. Musgraue of Edenhall, Barrt.
On the outside of the document, in another hand, is the following :
23 of Junij 1660 Mr. Edm. Mauleverer Clerke his peticon Exd. 1 Along with George Buchanan he was elected Clerk of Convocation on June 8, 1661, 2 being styled Rector of
Crosby Garrett. In 1662 the Episcopal Register names him as a Commissioner. On Oct. 22nd, 1663, he
voluntarily surrendered his living at Crosby Garrett to Bishop Sterne, probably owing to advancing years.
THOMAS DENTON, B.A., 16631702.
He was instituted to Crosby Garrett on Nov. 13th, 1663, on a Presentation by " Phil Musgrave Baro," and
had previously been at Edenhall and Brigham. 3 He held the living until his death. He compounded for his
First Fruits in 1666. His burial is thus recorded in the Registers :
1702 May 10 Mr. Thomas Denton Buried in woolen who was Ejector of Crosby Garrett 39 years And Dyed
the 70th year of his age.
Bishop Nicolson, writing in 1703, says : Both ye Quire and parsonage House were left in a Slovenly Condition by the late Incumbent Mr. Tho.
Denton . . . Register Book begins at 1559 and has been neatly enough preserv'd . . . The Parsonage-House
owes its best part (ye west End) to Mr. Mauleverer, who was Mr Denton's immediate predecessour : But
so little care has been taken of it since, yt this seems to be now in almost as wretched a Condition as the
rest They have a good poor-Stock, and no Beggars. 4
1. House of Lords' Library : H.M.C., Seventh Report, Pt. i, p. 107.
2. The Episcopal Register at Carlisle.
3. Vide pp. 443, 753.
4. Miscel., p. 41.
THOMAS JACKSON, B.A., 16981730.
He was licensed Curate July 31, 1698, and instituted Rector, on the death of Dawson', Sept. 26, 1698, on
a Presentation by Richard Crackenthorp, Esq. A very unfavourable character is given to him in Nicolson's
Diaries, both he and his wife being compelled to do penance for scandalousness. 1 He died in 1730 as the
following shows :
Mr. Thomas Jackson Rector of Newbiggin was buryed the __ of December 1730. 2
1. Trans. (N. S.), vol. iii, pp. 54 et passim.
Registers begining March 1678-9 [Milburn – a few miles north of Kirkby Thore, the nearest station being
Mem here wantes the account of all Christenings in the time of Thomas Jackson of Kerkhouse while he was
Clerke, They never being. delivered by him to me Thorn. Machell.
Nov. 6 1646.
Crosby Eavenswath by order of June 10th. 50li to be paid out of rents &c of D & Chapter for maintnnce of
Wm. Curwen further sum of 23li of the residue of aforesaid rents &c out of ye impropriate tyths of
Walker gives him a place among his " Suffering Clergy " ; but he supplies as with no information concerning
him beyond the statement that he " had no Fifths paid him." 6 The statement about his Sequestration, however,
is correct. He belonged to the Curwens of Helsington, a branch of the Workington Curwens. His father was
Harry, " said to have been Bishop of Sodor and Man " ; but his name does not appear in the list of Bishops
of that See. He married a daughter of Mr. Jackson of Warton, Lancashire. Their son, William, the Crosby
Ravensworth Rector, married Susan, daughter of Thomas Orton of Cambridge. 7
LANCELOT HUTCHINSON, 1661 1677.
The following is decisive as to his return, at least, in 1661:-
1661, Gathered in Askham church The collection for Pontefract being payed in to Mr. Tho : Jackson of Carlile the third of August was fower
shillinges two pence.
[part of long piece that precedes and follows this 1708 sermon at funeral of John NOBLE] ...but have they
ever repented the iniquity of their Fathers ? Would to God, that they who have now form'd this odd Party into
some Shape, would bear an honest open Testimony against the horrid Blasphemies and scandalous Disorders
of their first Leaders, and of many later Quakers. This impetuous wild Spirit soon troubled the Parish of
Graistock, insulting the Church and its Ministry, as usually it did elsewhere and even to this Day in some
Places. It was then attended with a preternatural Power like Fascination in many ; Its Operations,
Impressions and Effects, were totally different from those of the Divine Spirit ; and for a, time the
Delusion was strong, and Subverted many. There is yet living in that Parish one Henry Winder, who in a
Narrative of his own Case, relates thus "The Quakers were so Bold and Resolute that he, and others of the
Church, were sadly shaken, and left their former Communion, and that his Wife was Seduced with him ;
which the pious Minister and People resenting, set a Day apart of Humiliation, and came to the Persons
Seduced, desiring them to be present, and they were so ; and a Day of very great Melting and Tenderness
it proved ; many that were Doubtful were Conferm'd and Satisfied, for the Rent was like to be very great,
and by such Godly Means H.W. and Wife, were after a while recover'd. At the King's Return, 1660, Mr.
Moreland, the old Incumbent surviving, Mr. Gilpin soon gave way to him ; and somewhat Remarkable
happen'd at his resuming the Pulpit which some Living can tell, but I omit it. After this, some offered to
put up one Mr. Jackson in the Pulpit ; which the contrary Party did so violently oppose, with Threats to
crush them into the Earth, that Mr. Jackson went with them to the Parsonage-House, and Preached there.
The King's Declaration from Bredah gave hopes still to the lovers of more Reformation, that the good
Work should not be crush'd, as some would deal by its Abettors ; But I find worthy Mr Gilpin no more
in his Parish-Church. Yet in that critical Year I find him called in September, to Preach at Carlisle before
the Judges of Assize; which he did on Psalm 2. 12, with that Freedom and Authority as became the Pulpit,
and an Embassador of Jesus Christ, the Prince of the Kings of the Earth ; urging Magistrates to do Homage
to the Lord Jesus, and to serve and promote his Righteous Kingdom in their Places on pain of his
Displeasure. Its known what need there was of such Doctrine at that Juncture; what a loose and profane
Spirit brake out, and was countenanced to pave the way unto Popery. The Judges well accepted the Sermon,
when some expected their Frowns upon the Preacher. And in 1700, the old Doctor Printed the Sermon in
favour to the noble design of the Reformation of Manners, Dedicating it to the Magistrates of New-Castle,
where he continued his excellent Ministry many years till the Lord of the harvest had ripened him, and
others by him for his Glory. The Act of Uniformity in 1662, having dismiss'd about 2000 such Ministers
from publick and quiet Opportunities of serving their Generation.
After a time of Consternation and Confusion, such to whom Non- conformity was a matter of Conscience,
began to Assemble with the ejected Pastors, where they might, and soon were further discouraged by other
Penal Laws; The Ministers separated to that Work were obliged to take what care they could of their
scatter'd Flocks adhering to them and craving their Labours : If God commanded to speak, they must not at
Man's Prohibition forbear, tho' all their outward comforts were hazarded, and cften lost thereby. Now in
Doctor Gilpin's Absence he moved the Church to call another. Then Mr. Anthony Sleigh, a Native of the
same Parish, and bred in the College of Durham was obtained to become their Minister, and so continued
about Forty Years, induring much Hardship to feed the Flock, tho' he had only slender Encouragements there.
Their Meeting was held mostly in the House of J.N. and sometimes under covert of the Night. And now J.N.
was call'd to bear new Trials. One Winter many of the Ministers, and he with others such, were kept six
Weeks Prisoners in Carlisle ; the Gaol was throng'd at that time, and there was a great deal of Thunder.
After this, they were as arbitrarily Dismissed as Committed, and never knew the Cause; the Court perhaps
aiming, by any means, rough or smooth, to bring the Dissenters to beg for a general Toleration. They could
not but desire a peaceable Liberty, to worship God according 'to their Judgment and Conscience, yet would
J.N. never comply to such Arbitrary ways of enervating all Laws, being then design'd in favour of the Papists
alone ; yet not so Humoursome to continue in Gaol when the Door* were open. He often said to the day of his
Death, that in his Imprisonment he had much Spiritual Comfort and Satisfaction ; that those sharp Times were
made the best Dayes to him and were improved for Searching his Heart, and examining his past Life, but
alter'd not his Judgment as to the Cause he had own'd and suffered for. In 1672 The Court openly took a
liberty without Law, to allow the Dissenters- Meeting-Houses, by which the quiet People went on more free
and easie in their Duty; their Rule of Conscience was steady, however the Wind shifted at Court; nor durst
they cease to worship God, nor forsake their holy Assemblies, as the Manner of Some is, tho' Eevil'd and
Persecuted for it. When the Parliament caused the Licenses to be called in, many of the Congregation
Travell'd far, the Minister laboured hard ; in Season and out of Season he Preach'd the Word, Catechised
Youth, Edified the Church as he could, justly Offending none ; And while they were thus doing three Men,
(Whitfield, an old officer in the Army, Robson, a Proctor, and Servant to Doctor Smallwood, Parson of
Graystock, and Wilkinson, a Drunkard) Informed one Justice Musgrave, of a Conventicle held in the
House of J.N. which was accordingly Convicted, and the Fine Levy'd by Distress ; but this Triumph was
short, and Wilkinson died in Sorrow for it. In these disheartening Times to Nonconformity when they
could scarce find Bread or Rest J.N. perceiving the need of successive Pastors devoted a Son to the Service
of Christ in the Ministry, and bred him thereunto in the best way that he could afford, declining, for
Conscience sake, the Favour that was then offer'd him in Queen's- College in Oxford by a kind neighbour,
Dr. T.H. since Vice- Chancellour. A few Years after J.N. designed another Son the same way, and carry'd
him through his Academical Studies, but that proceeded not. And was it not worthy of a conscientious
Dissenter, to take these Steps to preserve the Truth and cause he had own'd ? But this Constancy did not
degenerate into Bigotry ; for I remember that on just Occasions, he paid Respects to, and received Courtesies
from divers of the Bishops of Carlisle at Rose Castle ; and that in times of need, he would hear the best of the
parochial Clergy ; and in his London Jourmes, Lodging in Holbourn, would sometimes hear Dr. Stillingfleet,
visited Mr. Baxter, Dr. Annesley, and the Dissenters call'd by other Names, for he honoured them .alike.
The prudent Associations aforesaid, in Cumberland, had effectually buried the Names of needless Distinction,
and party among Dissenters. Dr. Gilpin had well armed his People's Minds against such Follies And when
an Union or necessary Coalition of Presbyterian and Congregational was endeavour'd in 1(590, the good
Doctor was as forward as any Man to promote it. That Motion was surely of God and will be more thorowly
pursued when Men are more taught of God.
The Postscript further states that John Noble had some "little insight into Surgery, which he never Professed,
nor chose to Practice; but in Extremities, when the Sick and Wounded had no other resort, he would in the
name of God, endeavour their Relief " ; that in his last years he was " much confined to his House and
often not able to appear where he most delighted, in the Courts of the Lord ; tho' He and His, had lately
erected a Tabernacle near his own House, for the more decent and commodious Worship of God " ; that" two of his Children had gloriously finished their Christian Race before him," John, his eldest Son,
being taken early home and Anne, who had married " a Godly Man " similarly ; that the three other
Daughters were " all Married to Men of Serious Religion, who labour'd to preserve it in their Families";
and that upon the rest of the sons is the " greatest obligation to know the God of their Father." It is added
that " tho' it cannot be expected of one so exhausting himself for others to leave his Children Rich
in the World, especially not in that Barren Country, they all have Food convenient, and a little that a
Righteous Man hath is better than the Treasures of Many Wicked." Urging the reader to remember the
shortness of time the interesting record says :
1. CARLISLE. The Ejected Minister here was Comfort Starr. There is no evidence of an organized
congregation until about 30 years afterwards, but the License and Presentment Lists supply the connecting
links. These show that certain Nonconformists were in the City, who made provision for their own form of
worship; and something like a settled congregation appears in 1690, the Minutes of the Presbyterian Fund for
Dec. 29th of that year intimating that it was " ordered that 10 per annum be allowed towards the Propagation
of the Gospel att Carlisle in Cumberland." In 1692 there were both congregation and Minister. The Minister
was Daniel Jackson, admitted to the Church at Cockermouth July 31st, 1692, from the Broughton Tower
Church in Lancashire. He is described as " a preacher of the word, who is called to preach the Gospel at
Carlisle." 1 It would appear from this that whilst there was a congregation no separate Church existed; and
other things seem to indicate that Elder Eaglesfield had gone from the neighbourhood of Cocker- mouth to
reside at Carlisle. Daniel Jackson gave the Cockermouth Church some trouble, as we gather from the
Jan. 27. 1692/3. The Church had a meeting at Cockermth, where after a sermon preacht by the Pastr from
1 pet. 2.9. There were read several letters from elder Eaglesfield at Carlisle, giving an Acct of the scandals
of Mr. Dan. Jackson, some time before received into communion : upon which this letter was written, and
sent by a chosen Messenger to ye sd Mr. Jackson at Carlisle. Sr.
Yr. relinquishing of yr wife for no cause, at least no cause by Scripture Rules warrantable made out by any
testimony, but your owne ; As also yr positive & resolute refusal to cohabite wth her, Tho advised for to doe
by Severall Godly Minrs, and admonished Soe to doe by or [our] Beld [Beloved] Bro : & Bevrd. [Revered]
Elder Mr. Richard Eaglesfield : As also some other very fowle Miscarriages of yrs both heretofore in
Lancashire and since yr cominge to Carlisle (which will be proved 'gainst you though you may deny them)
having been this day laid before the Brethren, by whom you were
too charitably, if not too precipitantly admitted into Church Communion (which they feare they may have
cause to be humbled for) of which Comunion you are (as now they finde to their Griefe) a Scandalous
Member : These are to signify to you, That upon Serious- consideration of the prmisses made out to the
Church (partly by letters from Godly Minrs and otherwise : Some of which things are not denied, but owned,
yea, & justifyed by yr Selfe, To wit, The casting off of yr wife, and utter refusal to live with her declaring
thus to or elder dealing with you : That you would never for all the men & Minrs in England Cohabite wth
her, or Seeke to be reconciled to her, for shee was divorced from you, wch is false &c) They judge & declare
unanimously That you have walked, & do walk disorderly, irregularly, and to the Great Scandal of religion ;
This the Church have ordered mee to Signify to you : And withall the Brethren doe as hereby admonish you
of your Sin, and call upon you to be humbled for it and to repent of it (namely, ye Sin of Causelesse leaving,
and wilfull living from your wife) So they doe hereby declare and make known to you by these lines, (sent
to you by a chosen Messenger, and Brother) That if you reject this their admonion, and psist in yr obstinacy
Soe living in Sin notoriously Scandalous, They must & shall be found in their duty, To put yu away from
among them ; I have not further to signify to you, except mine owne pticular disatesfacon, manifested (tho :
not much minded) when you were lately at my house. Your complyance to yr duty (1 pet 3.7) will be as your
Grieved Brethren's only Satisfacon Soe yr owne Comfort, and what will make for the Furtherance of the Gospell ; Your Non- Compliance (which is much feared) will draw upon you the Churches Censure ; Cause
the Farther withdrawing of Godly Minrs and Serious judicious Christians from owning of you & yor
Ministry ; And aboue all pull downe the wrath of God.
Written and signed (as ordered by the Church att their meeting at Cockermth the 27th of the llth Month)
By mee George Larkham
Pastr. 1 Daniel Jackson did not remain very long after this, for in 1696 a Mr. Menzies was here, as we
gather from the following :
July 6. 1696. allowance to Minister for six months to the 24th of June past.
WESTMORLAND 1. RAVENSTONEDALE.
Christopher Jackson was the Ejected Minister of Crosby Garrett, a short distance away. After his Ejection
he came to reside in this neighbourhood and the reader is referred elsewhere 1 for a consideration of the
tradition which links him with the origination of the cause here. The first known Minister after him was
Timothy Puncheon ; and he certainly was here in 1691, when some sort of Meeting House was in use. The
Minutes of the Presbyterian Fund have the following:
June 8. 1691 : Ordered that 5 be allowed to Mr. Puncheon at Rosendale in Westmorland for 6/m to the 24
KENDAL May 29. 1681. Mr. Stanford of Kendal was to publish an absolution of Mr. Frankland wch was
procured by Mtris Jackson cf Cradock, and instead of reading that he said thus : ' ' I am to give you notice
that Mr. Rich. Frankland the ring leader of the Sectarys hath voluntarily submitted himself to the orders of
the church, and is reconciled to it. What his design is therein I cannot divine except it be to sue for his
schollars to pay to him, but methinks I see him come with bended knees, tears in his eyes, confession in
his mouth that he hath wronged the church of England, begging pardon, promising reformation, and to be
an obedient Son of the church, and resolving to come to the beginning of the service and wn he comes,
good people, let him come freely and doe not hinder him, but youl say how know you all this? I ans. I
know no more of it than you doe"-- but the report spread abroad of Mr. Fr. conformity, and people sd he
had surely got a good living.
3. CROOK (Extinct). This is about five miles from Kendal in a northerly direction. Equally obscure with
those of Stainton are the date and cause of the origin of Crook. Possibly it also was the outcome of
Frankland's labours joined with those of Gabriel Camelford, ejected from Staveley, near Lake Side, the
latter being particularly active in these parts in preaching as he had opportunity after his Ejection. The
first known Minister here also was a John Atkinson, educated at Frankland's Academy, and who removed
to Cockermouth Oct. 5, 1701. The Minutes of the Presbyterian Fund have the following :
Jany. 5. 1701-2. Agreed [name not given] and Crook nere Kendall 3 miles each in Westmorland have 2 Ministrs & to Lessen the Allowance of Kendall from 24 to 17.
1. Kendal Indictment Book.
2. Vide p. 1262.
3. Vide Lane. Nonconformity, vol. i, p. 291, for further information.
Mr. Stevenson is named as Minister in 1704, so that possibly he was Atkinson's immediate successor.
Samuel Bourn, member of a distinguished ministerial race in Lancashire, followed; and in 1719 we have
Henry Knight receiving a grant of 6 from the Presbyterian Fund for Crook and " Harborough." He appears
to have removed about 1724, and Abraham Ainsworth is named as his successor in Oct. 1725. John Helrne
followed, being mentioned in the Minutes in 1731; but in 1733 no Minister's name is given. In 1734 appears John Jackson with a grant of 5 for the two places. In 1738 there seems to have been no Minister, and none
is named until we come to March 3, 1745-6,
WESTMORLAND. An Inquisition Taken att Appulby in the Countie of Westmorland the Twentie ffith day
of October in the yeare of our Lord One Thousand Six Hundred ffiftie and Seaven. Before Thomas Burton & ffrancis Sisson Esqrs Robert Branthwaite Robert Skaiffe Richard Adamson Christopher Crackanthorp
Thomas Yare Thomas Waller & Edmund Branthwaite gentl. By vertue of a Comission to them Directed
under the Great Seale of England Bearing Date the Eighteenth daie of November 1656 By the Oathes of
Edmund Guy James Hutchinson Christopher Bell Robert Sharp John Thornbrow Edward Backhouse
Thomas Robinson Barthol. Hill John Story Thomas Jackson Thomas Rowlandson Impannelled and
Sworne by vertue of the said Commission to Enquire of the number & valuation of Church Livings &c
within the said Ccuntie And other matters & things in the said Commission conteyned who upon their
oathes p'sent and say
THE PARISH OF CROSBY GARRETT. [1656-57]
That ye Right of presentacon to ye Church of Crosby Garrett was heretofore in Sr Philip Musgrave
Delinquent & now is in his highness the Lord Protector
That Mr. Christopher Jackson is Incumbent there and hath for his maintenance the tythe wooll and lambe
and all other small tythes worth tenn pounds thirteene shillings and flower pence by the yeare to pscripton
Kent Eighteen pounds eleaven shillings eight pence for the tythe corne and hay within ye said parish and the
gleeb land worth tenn pounds by the yeare amounting in ye whole to forty nine pounds & ffive shillings by
That the tythe corne of Little Musgrave within the said parish was heretofore in ye ossession of the said Sr
Philip Musgrave a Delinquent and now in ye possession of the Commonwealth worth by the yeare six pounds
thirteen shillings & fower pence out of which is payede to the said Mr. Jackson ffive pounds six shillings and
Eight pence beinge part of the above said Prescripton for tythe corne & hay.
THE PARISH OF BROUGH
That the right of presentacon to the said church is in the Provost and ffellowes of Queenes Colledge in
Oxford. That Mr. William Richardson is psent Incumbent there and hath for his Maintenance the gleeb land which is
worth tenn pounds by the yeare and the tythes of calves with all other small tythes and Dues within the said
parish of Brough which are worth sixteene pounds by the yeare.
That all the rest of the tythes within the said Parish doe appurtaine to the said Colledge and are worth sixty
pounds by "the yeare.
That there is one chappell called Stainmoore Chappell in ye said parish scituate south west from the said
parish Church about three miles and that there is noe Maintenance for a Minister belonging to the said
Chappell. And that Brough aforesaid is a markett towne.
Chri Bel John - Edward Backhouse
Thos. Robinson Earth. Hill. Thomas Jackson
An Inquisition taken att Appulby in the Countie of Westmorland on the Twentie ffourth day of October in
the yeare of our Lord One Thousand six hundred & fifty Seaven. Before Thomas Burton Francis Sissons
Esqrs Robert Branthwaite Robert Scaife Esq. Ri. Adamson Christopher Crackanthorp Thomas Yare Thomas
Branthwaite Gentl. By vertue of a Comission to them [&c.] the great Seale of England bearing date the
Eighteenth Day of November 1656 By the oathes of Willyam Smyth John Mounsey Willm Lancaster Peter
Wilson Edmund Cliburne Stephen Mounsey Emanuell Bird Cuthbert Langhorne Thomas Jackson William
Cowper John ffurnas & John Hewetson Impannelled and Sworne by vertue of the said Comission to
Enquire of the number & valuation of Church Livings within the said Countie and other matters and
things in ye said Comission contained who upon their oathes psent and say.
[Parish of Barton and Martindale] Parish maintenance included: Thomas JACKSON
1655-58 Plundered Ministers MSS. No. 981 Lambeth Library.
CUMBERLAND. Castle Sowerby Peter Jackson 50 00 00 Dalston Chr. Jackson 50 00 00 WESTMLAND.
Kendal Schools Tho Jackson Mr [Master] 13 6 8
Kendall Schools Thomas Jackson [Schoolmaster] 23 June 1659
COUNTY OF WESTMERLAND Kendall Richard Jackson, Schoolmaster Thrimby 03 06 08
KIRKLINTON. [Absentees from Church ] 1673 July 11 Chroferum Storey, Chroferum Taylor, Wm. Graham
de Sike- head, Simonem Armestrong als Greene, Georgium Hetherington de Gramhead, Thomam Hutcheson,Andream Hetherington de ash, Francm. Storey, Chroferum Jackson, Michael Jackson et Johnem Janison
Nonconformists. 1673 July 16
The same ut supra. 1675 Nov. 16
Johnem Iveson, Chroferum Jackson de Newtoone, Johnem Jackson Junr., Johnem Sumerell, Chroferum
Taylor, Georgium Graham de rigg et Andream Hetherington as Nonconformists, not paying Church dues.
Francm. Bell de Holmfoot.
[ADDINGHAM] 1677 June 5 Guilielmum Smith & Margaretam eius uxorem, Richum Thompson, Janam
eius uxorem, Lancelotum Stanwix, Janam eius uxorem Janetam Jackson, Georgium Cowper & Annam eius
uxorem, Johnem Watson & Isabellam eius uxorem Xroferum Grey & Isabellam eius uxorem, Richum
Jameson, Thomam Grey, Elizabethan! Grey, Elizabethan! Walton, Dorotheam Arther, Reginaldum Walton, & Georgium Percivall Nonconformists, for not coming to Church to hear divine Service.
[HUTTON-IN-THE-FOREST] 1677 June 5 Richum Toppin & Isabellam ejus uxorem Quakers. Richum
Nelson, Janam ejus matrem, Thomam Robinson, Margaretam eius uxorem, Nonconformists; but whether they
deny the King's supremacy in causes Ecclicall or not ye Churchwardens know not. Johnem Hornesby,
Janam eius uxorem, Michalem Hudson & eius uxorem for being absent from Church a whole year. Guilelmum
Clarke & eius uxorem Nonconformists for having his child baptised by Mr. Simon Atkinson. Johnem
Atkinson . . . eius uxorem, Jacobum Ireland . . . eius uxorem, & Lancelotum Wilson for not receiving
the Sacrament at Easter last. Richum Jackson for his often absence from Church & Prayers on the Lds
day. 1678 July 23
Thomam Robinson, Margaretam eius uxorem, Richum Nelson r Guilielmum Clarke, Mariam eius uxorem,
Johnem Hosnesby & Janam eius uxorem pro non divina audiend in eorum ecclia paroli . . . Nonconformists.
Johnem Atkinson, Janam eius uxorem, Michelam Hudson, Mariam eius uxorem, & Richum Jackson non
recipiend Eucharistiam ad festu Paschae ultim. p'teritum.
[CASTLE SOWERBY] 1674 March 9 Thomam Rickarby, Abigail
ejus uxorem [Presented 1670 Dec. 6. as Quakers]. Henricum Sympson, Joyciam
ejus uxorem. Maudela Harrison, Johnem Sympson, Janam ejus uxorem [do. do.]
Georgium Sympson, Eliz. ejus uxorem, Johnem Scilson,
Francescam ejus uxorem, Wm. Jackson, Eliz. Toppin, Annam Toppin, Thomam Heal, Robertum Scott, & Richum Bewley for not comunicating with the
Church of England. 1675 Jan. 9 Guilielmum
Jackson, Annam Topping, Johnem Simpson, Janam ejus uxorem, Georgium
Simpson, & Isabellam ejus uxorem, Johnem Simpson, Franciscam ejus uxorem,
Richum Bewley, Thomam Steade, Henricum Simpson, et ejus uxorem, Robtum Scott,
Thomam Rickarby & ejus uxorem, Magdalenam Harrinson Nonconformists and
Quakers. 1675 Nov. 9 Thomam Rickarbye, Abigail
ejus uxorem, Henricum Simpson et Joyciam ejus uxorem, Maudalenam Harrinson,
Johnem Simpson, Janam ejus uxorem, Geo. Simpson, Elizab. ejus uxorem, Wm. Jackson, Eliz. Toppin,
Annam Toppin, Thomam Steade, Robtum Scott, et Richum
Bewly for not communicating with the Church of England.
PLUMBLAND. 1675 July 6
Thomam Dod, Thomam Younghusband, Nicholaum
Jackson, Lancelot Ardell, Johnem Ardell, Wm. Hodgson, Robtum Hodgson,
Richum Yoward, Richum Walker, Wm. Wilson, & Wm. Chambers, who reed not the
Sacramt at Easter last past 4/-. Leonardum Sibson & Thomam Temple do do.
1674 March 23 Robertum
Beeby de Allonby, Rogerum Briscoe et Catharinam eius uxorem de Longrigg Thomam
Scot, Wmum Mandevil, Wmum Messenger, Antonium Messenger de Dundraw, Johnem
Dickman, Thomam Messenger jun Kelsyke, Annam Barwis, et Georgium Harrison de
Blencogo for not duely resorting to Church, and for not receiving the
. . . Havening de Whyrigg
vid. for refusing to have her children Baptized.
Johnem Stoddart [rnort], Thomam Jackson de Blencogo et Richum
Robinson for refusing to bury their dead decently. . . . uxorem Johnis Wilson de Whyrig et . . . uxorem Thomam
Jackson de Blencogo for refusing after safe delivery from childbirth
to render publick thanks to God according to ye appointment of the Church.
BASSENTHWAITE. 1673 July 1 Thomam Jackson, Richum Atkinson et
Elizabethan! Atkinson for not receiving the Sacrament 2/-.
1678 Aug. 20 Richum Walker, Johnem Glaister, Johnem Bell, Robtum Robinson,
Johnem Buttermere, Chroferum Wren, Thomam Birket & Margaretam Fisher,
Janetam Wilkinson, & Elizab. Atkinson for neglecting to be catechised
& to receive the Sacramt of the Lord's Supper. Danielm Harrison, Annam Jackson, & Annam Dickson als
1674 March 10 BROUGHAM.
Johnem Nelson & ejus uxorem, Edmund
Jackson & ejus uxorem for not comeing to divine Service, nor
receiveing the holy Comunion, and for refuseing to have theire Infant
Children Baptized by the parish Minister, And refuseing to send their
Children, Apprentices and Servants to be Catechised &c. Bridgett Nelson
& Eliz : Jackson for refuseing to make humble and
publique Thanksgiving to God for their safe deliverance from Childbirth.
Contra. Mram Saram
Williamson ffarmr of the tithes of ye pish for not repairing the Chancell.
Con. Johnem Dixon sen.
Johnem Dixon junr. Guilm. ffreor et Annam ejus ux.
Guilm Dixon et Cropherum pearson Kecusantes Excomcos and for [notj paying
1677. ARLECDON. Johes Lawrence G. Sen Thoas
Herd Antonius Bowman et Johes Jackson G Nowhent coram Johi Noble Curato.
BRIGHAM. Con. Eichardum Whinney
et Mariam ejus ux. Allan Wilson Anthonium Peill et Ellinoram ejus ux. Petrum
Wilson et Janam ejus ux. Guilm Palmer et [blank] ejus uxorem, do Bri'gham
Johnem Wilson de Strangoporte Johnem Gillson, Johnem ffearon et Mariam ejus
uxorem, Thomam ffawcett et Isabellam ejus ux. Henricum Johnson Limorem( ?) et Margtam ejus ux. Margaretam ffawcett viduam
Johnem ffearon et [blank] ejus uxorem Bichum Richardson Tho : Gill et [blank]
ejus uxorem infra Eglesfeild Schismaticos.
Con. Thoam Grigge et
Margtam ejus ux. Johnem Bankes et Agnetam ejus ux. de Blindbothell Lucum
Steele et [blank] ejus ux. Petrum Allason et Jennettam ejus uxorem Japhetum
Allason et Elizam ejus ux. Margtam Jackson viduam de Whinfell Consites.
LAMPLUGH. Johem Dickenson
et Ellenam ejus ux. p'nsam [pretended] Annam ux. Johis Beeley Issabellam
Beeley, Johem ffox et Annam ejus ux. Guilm Bowman et Annam ejus ux. Guilmum
Morrison et Janam ejus ux. Mariam ux. Johnis ffearon Lancelotum ffletcher,
Estheram ux. Timothei Harrison Ellenam ux. Johnis Harrison, Johnem Swinburne Johnem Jackson et Isabellam ejus ux. pnsam
for not coming to Church. -- Nelson et Annam ejus ux. pnsam Johem Dickenson
et Margtam jus ux. pnsam Matheum Dickenson Ellenam Hodgson vid. et Johnem Jackson.
Consites and for not suffering their Children to bee baptized.
WESTMORLAND. M. ('54).
George ffothergill, Clearke, against Reginold ffawcett & Thomas Atkinson
H. ('55). Richard Croft. Clerke,
against William Cartmell and Richard Sill touching tithes in Burton.
T. ('58). Elizabeth Petty,
widdowe, against ffrancis Higginson & Edmond Branthwaite touching sixe
acres of arable land & meadowe in Winton in the said Countie.
Ea. ('58). Pearse Burton,
Clearke, against Arthur Bland, John Robinson, Nicholas Denkin, Thomas Holme,
Thomas Wharton, John Smith, William Hebson, William Holme. Richard Smith,
Thomas Alexander, Richard Stephenson, William Stephenson, Edmund Hobson and Lancelot Jackson touching tythes in Morland.
WESTMORLAND. Pa. 13.
Gerardus Browne, Clicus, vers. Ricum Thompson Thomam Thompson Gervase Benson
& Mabell ux. eius Jacobum Parke, Eliza- bethan! Story & Willm Heird
sen. tan. decimas in Burton in Com. afsd.
Tr. 14. Idem. vers. Ricum Thompson Thomam Thompson Jacobum Parke Eliz.
Story Willm Heird sen. Willm Cartmell, Arthurum Burrow, Gervase Benson, &
Mabell ux. eius tangend. decimas afsd.
H. 13, 14. Johes Ambrose,
Clicus, vers. Ricum Brathwaite, Michem Benson, XXofrum Nicholson, Hugonem
Hawkrigg, Jacobum Dawson, Thomam Williamson, Johem Otley, Michem Watson,
Willm Satterth- wayte, Edrum Parke, Georgium Milsell, Michem Grigg, Willm
Benson, Jacobum Benson, Anthonium Benson, Willm
Jackson, Simonem Park, Reginaldum Walker, Johem Johnson, Caroline
Milsell & ffranciscam Benson tangend. decimas in
H. 13, 14. Thomas Bigg, Cl.
vers. Alexrum Jackson, Robtum Story,
Janam Johnson, Willm Burrow, Robtum Lorrimer, Willm Hutton, & Willm
Parke, tangend. decimas in Heversham in Com. afd.
COMMONWEALTH ADMISSIONS, 1656. CUMBERLAND AND WESTMORLAND,
&c. Page 52, No. 154. Mr. Christopher Jackson Admitted the
thirteenth Dalston in day of lune 1656 [1656 added by original hand] to Com.
Cumberland, the Vicarage of Dalston aforesaid Upon a presentacon (Exhibited
the 3 day of May 1656) from the Trustees for maintenance of Ministers the
Patrons thereof And Certificates from Cuth. Studholme Simon Atkinson of
Lazonby Tho : Crayster
No. 210. Castlecarrocke& Comwhitton in Com. Cumberland. Nathaniel Burnard
Clerke Master of Arts Admitted the ninth day of July to the Rectory of
Castlecarrocke and Cumwhitton in the County of Cumberland Upon a presentation
(exhibited the day aforesaid) from Charles Howard Esquire the Patron And
Certificates from Tho : Langhorn Jo. Jackson
of Hutton Geo :Tibboll of Skelton Jo :
Makmillan of Edenhall Randolph Croxall of Kirkend.
MSS., H.M.C. Twelfth Report, p. 200.
The Grammar School of St. Bees, by Wm. Jackson, F.S.A., pp.