1626 April 20 Will of William JACKSON

NOTE: There are several pedigrees at the National Archives in Dublin which follow the grandsons of this William JACKSON in Ireland. They are not all totally accurate (and I suspect mine will also fall short in places). My most recent version, warts and all, can be found on my Rootsweb family tree. Thanks to Jan Waugh for much of the research and transcription assistance that has helped to make this transcription and the footnotes as accurate as possible.


There are still people around who talk of "proven" genealogies. This has to be nonsense. There is no historical record that is anything better than doubtful. Just think of all the villains lurking about in the past, doing their best to falsify things, let alone the mistakes that were made. Proof means certainty and we can never attain that. The best we can do is to proceed by the scientific method - the method of conjecture and refutation. I commend to all genealogists and family historians the works of Sir Karl Popper, such as Objective Knowledge. They really should read it.  John Cameron Ward’s site.

PS: Like my version of the family tree, this site is also in need of correction.



In the name of God Amen. The Twentieth day of April 1626 I William Jackson[1], of Kirkby Lonsdale[2], being sick in body yett of good and p[er]fect memory do praise God ffor [he/his?] [?] do make this my last will and Testament in manner and fform following. ffirst, and principally I Commend my soul into the hands of Almighty God, trusting in the meritts of Jesus Christ, his only son, my Saviour and Redeemer to be suche [pardoned and forgiven?] of all my sins, and after my [departure? decease?] into this vale of misery[3] to be [?] [guided?] into his Almighty Kingdom and I will that my body be interred in my parish church of Kirkby Lonsdale neare unto [my] [Francis[4]?] on the North Field of [graves?] with all Dues to be paid and [?] to the Church [?] [?] of my burial at Lower [?site?] As for all my worldly goods and Lands it is my mind and will to dispose them in manner and fforme following (Vizt) ffirst I give unto Richard Jackson[5], my son and heir apparent all the messuage wherein I now Dwell, and all the Coppie hold lands which I bought of the said Nicholas Borrett[6] and Jane[7] his wife lyeng beneath the Towne of the said Kirkby Lonsdale And also all that freehold lands w[hich?] I also bought of the said Nicholas Borrett and Jane his wife [?] & all endowments in the Name of Booth[8] To have and to hold unto him the said Richard Jackson his heirs and assigns for [?ese] the [C?]right of Mary[9] my wife which [dis?ded] and excepted. Item I [give unto] Francis Jackson[10] my second son all that my freehold lands w[hich] I bought of Christopher [Griddard?][11] lyeing and being in a certeyne close called [M/W] [?] [?] [within?] the Countie of Lancashire, and also the [Cedynes?] Hold lands w[hich] I bought of the Sayde Christopher [Griddard] and on[e?] of M[?] close lying [within?] the said grounds being a p[ar]cell belonging to the house wherin I Dwell[12] Surrendering to the [intent and meaning?] of a [surrender?] before passed over unto the said Francis my Son to have and to holde the said free hold lands and the said Coppie hold lands to him his heirs and Assigns ffor evre and always p[ro]vided that the [rights?] [warne?] my said Wife be [hereforwith?] and [her life?] [exepted? protected?]. Item I likewise Doe give unto my saide Son Francis Jackson all my messuage and lands [Crytnake/] Lyinge and being in like with [appurtenances?] within Countye of Lancaster His heir and assignes forever being in my possession. Item I [give?] unto John Jackson[13], my youngest Sonn all that messuage and [Tenements?] [Within?] Underley[14] [He?] [which?] I bought of Henrye [Ricc[?]gy][15] & To have and to hold to him, his heirs and assigns [..] for ever and also I doe further give unto the said John Jackson my youngest son one Close of ground Lieing [within?] Underlyn called by the name of [Bareonse? Or Bacrosse?] [Close?] according as I have al[?] [lye?] [also …] [grantir?] and passed on to him by A[?] [Grissander?] [The [Lyphe?] of my said wife always excepted?] Provided always and nevertheless It is my will an ffull mynde that if anye of any of my said sons happen to dye either before [?] shall manage to have no issue lawful of[f]springe bodies, then [?] [Lands?] [whom? Or whence?] shall come And C[?]illy?] be devided betwixt the two whichever then living. Item It is my will and mynde That none of theme my said sons W[?] n{?][16] shall sell or set forever annie of the said [wherall?] lande And [?] Tenements from me to them given? To Anne [Forainger? Trainyer?][17] [words crossed out] but onelye? From? [one Sone?] to [another?] In [?]onsed [upon?] Whereas it is my will and mynde, and by said Virtue I do appoint [?] Jaynie? [?] [Pride?] [Co?] Richard Jackson my eldest son and heyres apparent to paye or cause to be paied unto Agnes Jackson[18] my Daughter and one hundred pounds of Lawful money of England when she shall accomplishe the full age of twenty years [if she be living?] . And also I will and [doe?] enjoin my said son Richard Jackson to [despose?] and paye: or cause to be paied unto [?] [Tomazen? Tinstall? Tindall?[19]] [my ward?] [?] Of ffyftene? Pounds yearlyie As yt Shall [ffall?] [?] to be [?] [?] Item I give and bequeath unto my Eldest son Richard Jackson all my[20] [Chest Drawers?] bed steads in or about my house (the best one excepted). also all my [pandrye?] [?] ( ) of what [?] [?] [?] [?] in my barnes. Executors of this my last will & Testament, I ordeigne & make my wife, Francis Jackson and John Jackson my two younger sons unto whom I give all my goods & Chattels and whatsoever already som(e) bequeathed, my Debts, Legacies And funerall expenses [?] paiyed.[Chrystifor Gough?[21]] I Appoint Edwarde [Wilson?][22] of my Nether Levens[23] [?] and William [Berkers? Herbert?][24] Of M'lton[25] [yeoman [deferring? Desposing?] [?] - [?] my [?] in [?] [?] will [?] [?] My last will & testament executed & p(er)formed, and I give unto [?] of [?] them Ten Shillings a peice. [ffive?] [?] [?] . And I annihalate all former wills & bequests by me granted making in wytnesses [?]. I doe sett my hand & seale. [?] [?] [?eane] [?] of? [a wythen]. I gyve to [John Spenser[26]?] [?], clerk, five shillings.   

William Jackson


WITNESSES  John [Jaxon?][27]   James Smyth[28]   John Spenser clerk


NOTE: A list of his effects was attached. The total value was £328.9.4.


Other documents related to JACKSON of Kirkby Lonsdale in Lancashire Archives 1550-1650

DDX 115 - R J W Parke Collection - Miscellaneous legal documents

DDX 115/59

Bargain and sale for £48:14:2. William Jackson of Kirkby Lonsdale co. Westmorland, merchant, John Robinson of Overlecke, yeoman-- 2 closes in Lecke - Becklands Close with a house called the Field House and Le Crooke Close - 3 parcels of land 1 called Becklands Head, 2 called Hagwarmlands (3 acres in all) -- Power of Attorney to Edward Baines of Barbon and Edward Tatham of Overlecke, yeoman, Wit: Robert Robinson, John Ustonson, Edward Baines.
Endorsement of livery seizin: Robt. Faithwaite. John Brenhead. Edward Tatham.
Attached is bond for £86. William Jackson and John Robinson - warranty to conveyance of lands specified above. 25 Apr. 1616

QDD/20 m4 John Woodhouse of Thornton, gent., to Richard Burghe of Larbrecke, Esq., Bryan Jackson of Sowrbie, gent., and George Browne of Tarnaker, gent. -- Thornton 15 January 1611/12

QDD/34 m3d Mathewe Jackson of Overton, yeoman, to the same. -- Overton 30 November 1625

QDD/39 F11d (i) Edward Croft of Claughton in Loynesdale, esq., and his wife, Frances, (ii) ---- Tompson and Thomas Dobsob of Caton, yeomen, (iii) Mathew Ridley of Tatham, William Dobson of Caton, & William Jackson Over-----, gents. --- Claughton 25 January 1631/2

W/RW/F/R336A/48 1638 will of Jennet JACKSON of Donerdale, Kirkby Ireleth.

W/RW/F/R336B/9 1635 Will of Nicholas JACKSON of Dunnerdale, Broughton, Kirkby Ireleth

W/RW/F/R336B/29 May 3 1636 Probate Thomas JACKSON of Donerdale in Furness, Kirkby Ireleth

W/RW/F/R336B/43 Apr 10, 1638 Will of William JACKSON of Aulhirst, Broughton in Fourness, Kirkby Ireleth

W/RW/F/R336B/51 Oct 8 1587 Will of William JACKSON of Innerdayl, Broughton in Fourness, Kirkby Ireleth

W/RW/K/R446B/30 Jun 18 1614 Will of Margaret JACKSON, spinster of Stricklandgate, Kirkby Kendal

W/RW/K/R446B/33 Jun 19 1630 Will of Mary Ann JACKSON, widow, Bradleyfield, Kirkby Kendal.

W/RW/K/R447A/13 Jul 15, 1648 Alice JACKSON widow, Kirkby Kendall

W/RW/K/R447A/17 Jun 9, 1649 Will of Brian JACKSON, Rowhead in New Hutton, Kirkby Kendal

W/RW/K/R447A/31 Dec 14, 1646 probate of Henry JACKSON, High Bridge House,. Bannisdall, Selside, Kirkby Kendal

W/RW/L/R576B/7 Jul 13 1602 probate of James JACKSON Mydleton, Kirkby Lonsdale

W/RW/L/R576B/11 1612 probate of John JACKSON Casterton Kirkby Lonsdale

W/RW/L/R576B/18 Nov 11 1641 probate of John the elder JACKSON, Puddlehaw in Casterton, Kirkby Lonsdale

W/RW/L/R576B/25 May 17 1647 probate of Richard JACKSON yeoman, Midleton Kirkby Lonsdale

W/RW/L/R576B/45 Jan 15 1600 probate of William JACKSON, Kirkby Lonsdale.


[1] William JACKSON (-1626).

·       He had extensive land holdings, not that I yet know the full extent of them. His son Rev. Richard JACKSON had holdings going from the marketplace by the New Road, down to the river. The place where the Royal Hotel now is was likely where William JACKSON lived. It was held by his son Rev Richard JACKSON (1602-1679), and the Royal Hotel now stands approximately where Jackson Hall, the residence of this family, once stood. The last JACKSON family member associated with Jackson Hall was supposedly a Mrs. Ellen JACKSON in 1785. SOURCE: Victoria County History of Cumbria, Emmeline Garnett. NOTE: I have yet to track down who Mrs. Ellen JACKSON was. I have not ruled out that it might have been a Miss Ellen JACKSON. My hope is that deeds work in Ireland will lead me to the answer. The last person I know who held it was Abigail JACKSON (1683-1763). She died without surviving issue, and many of the family lands, including Jackson House in Kiorkby Lonsdale, went to descendants of her cousin Richard NORTH (1684-1773).

·       I have written a couple of blog posts relating to the Royal Hotel (and I plan to write more):

o   Woof - Part One. Following up on the family of Richard JACKSON (1595-1680) of Westmorland. Link to Jackson Hall, Kirby Lonsdale, now known as The Royal Hotel, Photo of Jackson Hall aka Manor House in Coleraine;

o   Kirkby Lonsdale and the Royal Hotel. My bedroom at the Royal Hotel overlooks the Market Square. It used to be part of the gardens attached to a building that was known as Jackson Hall before it was sold and turned into the Rose and Crown. This was the property of Rev. Richard JACKSON (1602-1681). He bequeathed it to his eldest son, William JACKSON (1628-1688) of Coleraine.

·       MARRIAGE: License issued 1600, Bradford Keighley Paver's Marriage License. . He married Mary SLATER of Keighly, near Bradford, Yorkshire, England. Her family name is sometimes shown as SCLATER. See: Richard SCLATER of Keighley. Sclater of Yorkshire, Lancashire and Cambridgeshire. The earliest existing Sclater will is that of Richard Sclater, a farmer, who died at Keighley in 1545. SOURCE: Records of the Family of Sclater. His will was dated April 26, 1545.

·       Bargain and sale for £48:14:2. William Jackson of Kirkby Lonsdale co. Westmorland, merchant, John Robinson of Overlecke, yeoman-- 2 closes in Lecke - Becklands Close with a house called the Field House and Le Crooke Close - 3 parcels of land 1 called Becklands Head, 2 called Hagwarmlands (3 acres in all) -- Power of Attorney to Edward Baines of Barbon and Edward Tatham of Overlecke, yeoman, Wit: Robert Robinson, John Ustonson, Edward Baines. SOURCE: National Archives.

·       See also the footnote beneath for Edward WILSON with descriptions of the connections between the two families and others.

·       In a will dated July 31, 1657, a Sir Thomas SCLATER referred to his cousin John JACKSON a citizen now or late of London, as well as a cousin John OTWAY of Gray’s Inn. This latter name would be a fit with Sir John OTWAY (1620-1693), who was a reader at Gray’s Inn, and was also a half-brother of Dorothy OTWAY, the first wife of Rev. Richard JACKSON (1602-1681). A John JACKSON (1609-aft 1626), son of William JACKSON (?-d1626) was a younger brother of Rev. Richard JACKSON. SOURCE: P 384 Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica Vol 1. 1874. NOTE: Does this mean that Mary SLATER is a relation of Sir Thomas SCLATER – possibly his aunt?

  • I do not know who his father was, buthe he may have been the son of John JACKSON (1526-1590) and Helen WILKINSON (1538-1590).

[2] Kirkby Lonsdale Kirkby Lonsdale enjoyed a number of variant spellings during this century: Kirby, Kyrkbye – to name a couple.

·       No matter the spelling, Kirkby Lonsdale was the epicentre of generations of JACKSON’s. Many of them settled in Ireland in the 1600s.

·       To get a feel for the place, here is a description of a walk at Kirkby Lonsdale.

·       I have written a few blog pieces about the town and the JACKSONs after staying at the Royal Hotel for a couple of days in 2015. I plan to write more in the near future:

o   Kirkby Lonsdale and the Royal Hotel. My bedroom at the Royal Hotel overlooks the Market Square. It used to be part of the gardens attached to a building that was known as Jackson Hall before it was sold and turned into the Rose and Crown. This was the property of Rev. Richard JACKSON (1602-1681). He bequeathed it to his eldest son, William JACKSON (1628-1688) of Coleraine.

o   Richard Jackson (1602-1681) of Westmorland. The family tree of the known descendants of Rev. Richard JACKSON of Kirkby Lonsdale and his two wives: Dorothy OTWAY & Jane CARTER. With these two wives, he sired twenty living children, many of whom made a significant impact on Ireland from the mid-1600s onwards. NOTE: To be updated after I do more work on wills.

o   The Twenty Children of Rev. Richard JACKSON. Rev. Richard JACKSON of Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmorland sired fifteen children with his first wife, Dorothy OTWAY (1605-1645), and then he sired five more with his 2nd wife, Jane CARTER. These sons and daughters, and their descendants, had a significant impact on the next four centuries in Ireland. One of their sons, William, owned leases for land that covered much of Coleraine in the mid-1600s, while son Samuel had dozens of leases in Dublin, Monaghan, Meath and Cavan. NOTE: To be updated after I do more work on wills.

·       Kirkby Lonsdale was one of many towns in the region which profited from the wool trade, hence the connections between sheep farmers, mercers, and merchants. The River Lune was a readily available source of energy for the mills. Many of the mercers and merchants conducted trade in both London and Ireland. NOTE: When I attended a church service Sunday April 19, 2015, the sermon focused on what could be learned from the study of sheep, and the people who cared for them. It would not surprise me if similar sermons had been preached in centuries past. Caring for the flocks is downright biblical. Hopefully the JACKSONs of Kirkby Lonsdale were not known for fleecing the farmers.


·       Cumbria County History Trust.

·       British History – Kirkby Lonsdale.

·       Map of Westmorland XLVII – shows Kirkby Lonsdale on the right-hand side of the map.

[3] after my [departure? decease?] into this vale of misery  There may be a grammatical error here – or else the glitch may be in my transcription. Usually it would be “from this vale of misery” not “into this vale of misery” maybe it is “out of this vale of misery”. It would help if the preceding word were more readable.

[4] Francis? The shape of this word looks remarkably like the other occurrences of the name of Francis. Obviously, this could not refer to William’s son Francis, because he is a beneficiary, hence still alive. A Francis JACKSON of Kirkby Lonsdale had a will probated in 1594. It is tantalizing to speculate that he may have been a close relation of William Jackson (Abt 1575-1626). One other possibility is that William had an earlier wife named Frances.

[5] Rev. Richard JACKSON (1602-1681) of Kirkby Lonsdale, and later Vicar of Whittington. He was the father of about twenty-two children with two wives, and many of these children settled in Coleraine and Dublin in the mid-1600s. They also owned thousands of acres of land in other counties such as Carlow. I will write more about him soon. In the meantime, here is a link on my web site:

·       Jacksons of Coleraine.

[6] Nicholas BORRETT

This family of Wilson had considerable possessions in the township of Kirkby Lonsdale about that time. For among the Escheats in the 10 Ja. it is found by inquisition, that Henry Wilson (probably of the eldest branch of the family) held, on the day on which he died, 12 messuages and tenements in Keafthwaite, Manserghe, Dean's Bigging, and other places, of the king in capite, as of the Richmond fee; and that Jane wife of Nicolas Borrett, and Mary wife of Thomas Gibson, were his daughters and coheirs. And in the 13 Ja. Nicolas Borret and Jane his wife conveyed her moiety in fee to Edward Burrow and seven others; consisting of fix messuages and tenements, and divers other parcels of land, all in the lordship of Kirkby Lonsdale. SOURCE: The history and antiquities of the counties of Westmorland and Cumberland, Volume 1, Joseph Nicolson, Richard Burn, William Nicolson, Daniel Scott, Henry Hornyold-Strickland, London 1777. p248. NOTE: There are several references to various JACKSONs in this text, none of them were of this William JACKSON.

[7] Jane BORRETT née WILSON.

·       Henry [WILSON] had lost his first wife in Aug., 1574, and in Nov., 1575 married again, but the second marriage was childless. Thus his family became extinct in the male line at his own death in 1607, his son and grandson having predeceased him. His Will [App. 11] suggests that he had retired from business. He leaves alms for the poor and a bequest to the Grammar School. His great-grandchildren are doubtless children of Nicholas Borrett. SOURCE: Edward Wilson of Nether Levens (1557-1653) and his Kin. Percival Brown, Kendal, Titus Wilson & Son, 1930.  Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society: Tract Series , No. XII

·       Item to my Coosin Jane Borrett [From the Will of Henry Willson of Underley, parish of Kirkhy Lonsdale, clothier. [Prorog. Court of York: proved 15 Nov. 1639]]. SOURCE: Edward Wilson of Nether Levens (1557-1653) and his Kin. Percival Brown, Kendal, Titus Wilson & Son, 1930.  Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society: Tract Series , No. XII

[8] BOOTH?

·       This is a likely fit with Joseph BOOTH aka BOOTHE, a Kirkby Lonsdale lawyer. SOURCE: Victoria County History of Cumbria Project: Work in Progess. Emmeline Garnett. 2013. Three generations of the Booth family remained at Deansbiggin until a later Joseph Booth sold it in 1680 to John Borrett, a lawyer of the Inner Temple, son of Edward Borrett, mercer of Kirkby Lonsdale. In 1777 Susanna Borrett, John Borrett’s granddaughter, sold the estate to John Batty of Kirkby Lonsdale, grocer

·       DEED: 1621 Inquest taken at Kirkby Kendall, 19 September, 19 James 1 (1621), before Joseph Boothe, gentleman, escheator. Thomas Wilkinson, chapman, was seised of 2 messuages and tenements at Becksyde in Olde Hutton and 30 a. land there; a moiety of a fulling mill in Old Hutton; and a messuage and tenement at Ealingwraye in Old Hutton and 20 a. land there. By his writing dated 12 September, 12 James 1 (1614), made between Roger Bradley of Underbarrowe, chapman, of the one part and the said Thomas Wilkinson of the other part, in consideration of a marriage then to be solemnized between Giles Bradley, second son of the said Roger Bradley, and Mary, only daughter of the said Thomas Wilkinson, he granted to Roger Bradley that upon reasonable request he would make a conveyance to William Jackson of Kirkby Lonesdale, mercer, Barnard Gilpin of Underbarrowe, yeoman, and James Bradley of Underbarrowe, clothier, and their heirs of all the aforesaid premises, to be limited to the use of the said Thomas Wilkinson and Elizabeth, then his wife, for their lives in survivorship and afterwards to the use of the said Giles Bradley, and his heirs begotten of the said Mary. And by another writing, in part performance of the agreement above specified, he enfeoffed William, Barnard and James of the premises; which were held of the king at the time of Thomas Wilkinson's death and are now held of Charles, prince of Wales, as of his manor of Kendall called "le Marques fee" in free socage namely by suit of court and a rent, worth yearly 20s. clear. He died 22 March 1614[-15] and Mary, now wife of Giles Bradley, was and is his daughter and next heir, now aged 25 years; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 64, n. 79. ‘New Hutton’, in Records Relating To the Barony of Kendale: Volume 1, ed. William Farrer and John F Curwen (Kendal, 1923), pp. 187-202

[9] Mary JACKSON née SLATER (abt 1575-aft. 1626).

  • She was from Keighley, a textiles town, which may explain the connection to William JACKSON, a mercer of Kirkby Lonsdale.

·       In a will dated July 31, 1657 (and probated much later), a Sir Thomas SCLATER (1615-1684) referred to his cousin John JACKSON a citizen now or late of London, as well as a cousin John OTWAY of Gray’s Inn. SOURCE: P 384 Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica Vol 1. 1874. This latter was most likely Sir John OTWAY (1620-1693), who was a reader at Gray’s Inn. He was also a half-brother of Dorothy OTWAY, the first wife of Rev. Richard JACKSON (1602-1681). The John JACKSON (1609-aft 1626) which the will left a bequest for, was probably the younger brother of Rev. Richard JACKSON. I believe that this John JACKSON married Hellen SIDGEWICKE in 1641 in Kirkby-Lonsdale, but otherwise, I know nothing else about him. NOTE: Does this mean that Mary SLATER was a near relation of Sir Thomas SCLATER – possibly his aunt?

[10] Francis JACKSON (abt 1607-aft 1627). Baptised Apr 19, 1607 at Kirkby Lonsdale Church.

  •  In 1627, there was an apprenticeship for 7 years of a Francis JACKSON to William GORE, Company of Drapers.. The father of that Francis was William JACKSON, mercer, deceased, of Kirby-Lonsdale, Westmorland. A bond value was posted by Richard JACKSON and Mary JACKSON of 300 pounds. SOURCE: www.londonroll.org  NOTE: Richard was likely his older brother, and Mary was likely his widowed mother.

Possible Hunches & Leads & Red Herrings:

  • Red Herrings: He is not the Francis JACKSON who was an alderman of Leeds whose daughter married George NEAL.
  • Hunches: It is not impossible that he was the Francis JACKSON listed in the Hearth Money Rolls at Ballymoney Town in Antrim in 1669.

[11] Christopher [GRIDDARD?] The script is hard to read. One clue to his name may be that there is a Gildard Hill slightly east of Underly Hall. He may have been Christopher GILDARD.

[12] It is not 100% certain that William JACKSON actually lived in what came to be known as Jackson Hall in Kirkby Lonsdale, but since his son Richard owned this building in his lifetime, it is quite likely.

[13] John JACKSON (1609-aft 1626) seems to have married Helen SIDGEWICK June 19, 1641 at Kirkby Lonsdale.

·       A Helen JACKSON is mentioned in the 1679 will of Rev. Richard JACKSON as a sister, but I suspect that she was a sister-in-law, wife of his brother John. NOTE: I have not recorded any children for them so far, but there was a Johis JACKSON son of Johis JACKSON baptised 14 July 1645 at Kirby Lonsdale.

·       Another link, of interest because it indicates another SIDGSWICK-JACKSON connection, as well as a connection to Casterton. 03 May [1664] Leonard SIDGSWICK, of Banckland, and Alice JACKSON of Casterton, p. Kirkby Lonsdale. Bondsman: John Ratliffe (Ratcliff), of Broadmire in Dent.Lancaster Marriage Bonds (Marriage Bond) Lancashire: SOURCE:- Marriage Bonds, Deaneries of Lonsdale, Kendal, Furness and Copeland (Archdeaconry of Richmond) 1648-1710

[14] Underley Hall was slightly north of the town of Kirkby Lonsdale. The Underley Estate Records [Ref WD-U (KIrkby Lonsdale records are in Box 28)] are held at the Cumbria Archive Centre, Kendal, Westmorland. SEE: Underley Hall Kirkby Lonsdale Westmorland: A History of House and Occupants:  ed Jon D. Battle 1969.

The well-known local Wilson family appears to have bought the estate from a descendant of Ughtred in the early sixteenth century, and consolidated the property until 1732, when it was sold to the Ashton Family. To quote the Underley Estates "Title Deeds": "Hugh Ashton of Kirfitt Hall purchased Underley and lands and tenements at Kearswick from Thomas Wilson."

In 1593, Henry Wilson extended his small estate by buying lands in Kirkby  Lonsdale. At this time there were two houses on the Underley Estate. One was named "Far Underley" and the other "Near Underley". The former was more a combination of manor and farm house, situated approximately where the present Underley stands. "Near Underley" was a combination of a mansion and farm on a site to the south-east of the present hall, a site formerly known as "Crow Wood”.

NOTE: Underlyn aka Underley.

[15] Henry RICCI[?]GY.

[16] Could this be WILSON?

[17] Anne [Forainger? Trainyer?]

[18] Agnes JACKSON (aft 1606-?) had an older sister named Agnes who died as an infant in 1601. She was not of full age when this will was signed. My best guess is that she was the Agnes JACKSON, daughter of William, born 18 October 1612.

[19] TOMAZEN? TINSTALL? TINDALL? The possibility of TINDALL is intriguing because of the family connection to the JACKSONs of Hickleton where that name crops up.

[20] What follows is a list of personal items and store or farm-related items.

[21] Christopher GOUGH?

·       After the dissolution, the rectory and advowson of the vicarage [at Burton-in-Kendal] were granted by Queen Elizabeth to the Earl of Lincoln and Christopher Gough, Esq., “with reservation of a rent to the crown of £9.7s. 8d.; to the schoolmaster of Kendal, £9 6s. 8 SOURCE: History, topography, and directory, of Westmorland

[22] Edward WILSON (1557-1653).  In 1613 Mercer / Joint Owner Kirby Lonsdale lands with Henry Wilson.

·       Henry(8) [Wilson], the next brother, was 17 years old at his father's death, and had probably only recently left K(irby) L(onsdale) School, after catching something of the new zeal for learning which had been kindled by the re-constitution. He was contemporary, and evidently intimate, with Thomas Bainbrig, afterwards Master of Christ's College, Cambridge, himself the son of a merchant clothier resident in the parish. His career in business, of course, is impossible to trace, but, starting with little or no capital, he amassed a very large fortune which, under the conditions of the time, is little short of romantic. The family was progressive and ambitious, and he had the encouragement and example of his cousin at Nether Levens, eighteen years his senior. A business that linked Kendal with London certainly demanded character and courageous enterprise. And Henry was quite at home in London, bestowing legacies on favourite preachers both in "Lumbart Street” [AKA Lombard Street] and in "ould Jewrie."  Blackwell Hall, which has the sound of a private residence, was in fact the woollen-cloth exchange of the capital, on the west side of Basinghall Street,* to which 'foreigners' were directed to bring their wares : he was therefore not a freeman of the City. In 1613, before he was 40, he was scheduled in a Subsidy jointly with William JACKSON, "pro ter. ibm. [i.e. in K.L.] nuper ter. Henr. Willson seor."  As he inherited only half-a-crown from his namesake uncle, he must have been already buying up the patrimonial lands that entered into his Underley estate.

Fn.  Henry(18) was dead in 1684. On the other hand there are some positive grounds for adopting the alternative. Henry(12), when he introduces himself as "aged yeares seventy and three" [NOTE: He was 73 years old in 1630. Richard JACKSON was not rector of Whittington until 1641], appears to be writing from K.L, or its neighbourhood. He is a parish feoffee in succession to his father, or perhaps, immediately, in succession to his elder brother. He has perused his uncle's Wills at Underley, conferred with his namesake nephew there, and with Richard JACKSON, rector of Whittington. On the latter he depends for the school's history during his own boyhood. All this points to his having been brought up elsewhere, and having returned to end his days in the district where his fathers dwelt. Richard JACKSON was his natural friend as one born and bred in K(irby) L(onsdale), son of a mercer, who in 1613 was a Joint-owner with Henry(8) Wilson of lands there. The rector of Whittington was also a friend -and on occasion a business agent- of the owners of Sellet Hall. The only difficulty in the identification is the phenomenal age; but this is not unexampled in the family. SOURCE: Edward Wilson of Nether Levens (1557-1653) and his Kin. Percival Brown, Kendal, Titus Wilson & Son, 1930.  Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society: Tract Series , No. XII. NOTE: This is a fabulous reference book – includes lots of WILSON wills. Thanks to Jan Waugh for finding it. It also mentions that Richards JACKSON (son of this William JACKSON) was his source for a lot of the historical material about Kirkby Lonsdale which he included in his account.

[23] Nether Levens, home of the WILSON family. Nether Levens Hall lies about five and a half miles South of Kendal, just off the West bound slip road of the A590. The hall dominates the skyline as you travel East towards Kendal near the village of Levens, with its four tall Westmorland chimneys. SOURCE: Nether Levens Hall. Also Gazetteer. It is slightly north-west of Heversham.

[24] William [BERKERS? HERBERT?]

[25] This is likely a contraction for Middleton. It is six miles south of Kirkby Lonsdale.

[26] John SPENCER

[27] John [JAXON?] There is evidence of a John Jackson who could be a brother (or cousin) of the testator.

·       BIRTH: John Jackson born abt 1573 (if age 18 when apprenticed)

·       APPRENTICE: "A Boke off Recorde of Kirkbie Kendall" Inrolmentt of Pryntices. [The following is a tabular list of Apprentices inrolled before the Alderman and Burgesses]: 1591 John JACKSON (apprenticed) to Lanclot Walker, shearman.

[28] James SMYTH