NOTE: There are distinctions between crests and arms, although I sometimes use the terms interchageably on this site. If you want to better understand the distinctions, please check out the College of Arms, and in particular, the page that describes how armorial bearings are inherited.
Family crests and mottos can offer clues that along with great swats of other informations can verify family heritage. Or not. With that in mind, our family lore alleges that the sheldrake in the arms of Sir Thomas JACKSON of Stansted House came from an earlier JACKSON family crest – and that the world was added beneath it to show his global reach. Since various birds in dozens of JACKSON crests can be seen to morph from one kind of bird into another over succeeding generations, I have decided that there is only one approach that makes sense to me –and that is to check out the whole darned flock. There are at least 54 different JACKSON crests described by Bernard Burke in his The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales.Vol II and 29 of them include birds – frequently in threes. I’ll start with our crest.
JACKSON of Stansted House:
Supposedly, the ancestor of this family came from Yorkshire in Oliver Cromwell’s Army and was granted lands in Co. Carlow for his services. The estate, called Mt. Leinster, was sold in 1745 by his descendant GEORGE JACKSON (1728-1782) to settle gambling debts. He then settled at Liscalgot and then Urker, both near Crossmaglen, Co. Armagh. There are also other versions, and more than one may be true. Another version is that they came from Westmorland in the early 1600s, went back to England, and then came back again.
MOTTO: The motto on Thomas Jackson's arms is a curious one. I could not find a record of it in any previous JACKSON family crests, nor in any other English or Irish arms. "Aut Mors Aut Victoria". It can be translated as: "Either death or victory". This motto does show up these days as a slogan in violent video games with frequent links to sites that are in either Russian or Polish (I speak neither). Prior to that, the only usage that I have been able to find was an inscription on US banknotes from about 1776-1778 from the colonies of South Carolina and Georgia. These notes were backed by Spanish silver. Perhaps this influenced the choice of motto. Our Sir Thomas was so brilliant at managing silver trades for the HSBC in the late 1800s that he was nicknamed “Lucky Jackson”. Perhaps he also liked the revolutionary edge that such a slogan might have – used at the time of American revolution at a time when many of his close family members were part of the struggle for rights in Ireland. This is all conjecture, but Sir Thomas was also known for frequent “tongue-in-cheek” gestures so it he had any say in it, I wouldn’t put it past him.
THE BIRD: The Sheldrake and Shoveller are scarce in British Armoury. The former is very similar to the common duck, but of more varied colour. The latter is of the same species, and may be known by a long tuft on the breast and another on the head.
RED HAND OF ULSTER: Since 1922 all new and reconfigured Baronets in Great Britain use the Red Hand of the O'Neills to indicate they are Baronets in North Ireland as well as in other components of Great Britain. The use of the Red Hand of Ulster with a family crest is not indicative of an Ulster heritage, only that the peerage is recognized in the North Of Ireland. I have no idea whether the Red Hand of Ulster in this crest, included at a time that precedes this practice, has any other meaning.
JACKSON crests that have shovellers or possibly related birds on their crest. As I mentioned, 29 of the 54 JACKSON crests described by Burkes contain at least one and frequently three birds. When it comes to our detective work, hopefully birds of a feather fly together. A genealogy prepared by Mary L. Jackson in 1925 traces a line of JACKSONs whose crests included various shoveller/sheldrake-like birds. She notes:
THE Jackson family was anciently established in Yorkshire, some members of which settled in the South of Scotland. There were other families of Jackson, in other parts — notably that derived from the great Norman house of Lasalles, but of no blood connection with this one. This particular family is traceable to a common origin by means of a similarity of coat-armour among its scattered branches, which have been recorded from time to time, showing the basic theme of development to have been a fosse between three birds. In some cases these three birds were shovellers, in others, shadrakes, hawks, and jackdaws.
There are a number of JACKSON families with connections to Ireland in Mary L. Jackson’s tree, either through marriage, residency or both. Many of them also show up in Burke’s and other such records. Here is what I have been able to amass about them so far – and their potential links.
Also of interest given the descriptions of some of the aforementioned crests, this from The History of the Ancient Parish of Sandbach, Co. Chester including the two Chapelries of Holmes Chapel and Goostrey: From Original Records. J.P. Earwaker, M.A. F.S.A. Privately published, 1890. p38 [p.66 in pdf version]. This JACKSON family had a long presence in the area.
In the south aisle a white mural monument (the inscription in capitals), surmounted by an urn and a shield of arms (which has been repainted) Quarterly, 1 and 4, Gules a fess Argent between three birds (? swans) Or ; 2 and 3, Or on a bend Gules three crosses patée fitchée of the first: Sacred to the memory of Richard Jackson Esq. of Betchton House in this parish, who died in September 1718 : and of Elizabeth his wife, the only daughter of William Oldfield Esq and Letitia his wife, who died December 24 1769:
also of the
Rev. Richard Jackson, D.D. Canon of York, Lichfield and Chester, and only son of the above Richard Jackson Esq. who died November 12 1796 : and of Ann his wife, daughter of Dr. Richard Smalbroke Lord Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry ; who died April 6 1785 :
The rev. Richard Oldheld Jackson LL.B. Vicar of Colwitch and Longdon, in the county of Stafford and only son of the above Richard and Ann Jackson
VARIOUS JACKSON TREES OF INTEREST:
JACKSONs of Carramore– three hawks heads.
Jacksons of Brisbane On top of a six pointed mullet (star) an eagle.
Son of Henry JACKSON of Marnaharin, cos Monaghan and Dublin, Ireland b. ? d. m. Mary Anne d. of William WHITE of Drumgavney, Co. Monaghan.
SOURCE: Armorial Families.
Jacksons of Duddington – Note the tie in to Jackson of Eagle House – three eagles heads.
Also note link to HAWKINS. Also note that there are Duddington JACKSON links to Ireland noted in Manuscripts Sources for the History of Irish Civilization.
Jackson of Forkhill – three shovellers tufted on the head and breast. Part of the Coleraine JACKSON tree.
Jackson of Coleraine: Jackson -- Coleraine, County Londonderry; fun. Established 1688, William Jackson, son of Rev. Richard Jackson of Whittington County Lancaster by Dorothy Otway wife, daughter of Sir John Otway knight of Ingmire. Gu a fess betw. Three cormorants ar. It is curious to me that the bird here is said to be a cormorant. Recently, I was sent some photos of paintings of one of Richard and Dorothy's sons, John JACKSON whose daughter Anne JACKSON married Adam DOWNING.
Jackson of Ballybay – (NOTE: The following is thanks to the thorough investigation by Bill Farrell and other members of his extended family)
Going from a picture on the family silver, which shows three eagles and the motto Virtute et Valore, it would suggest a connection of the Ballybay JACKSONs to:
 “The Sheldrake appears occasionally under another name i.e. that of the Shoveller, and as such will be found in the arms of Jackson of Doncaster.” SOURCE: p246 Arthur Charles Davies, A complete Guide to Heraldry. 2008. “The Sheldrake and Shoveller are also very scarce in Armoury. The former is very similar to the common duck, but of more varied colour. The latter is of the same species, and my be known by a long tuft on the breast, and another on the head”. SOURCE: W. Sloane Sloane-Evans, Grammar of British Heraldry, 2nd Ed. London 1854.
 Conversation with Venetia Bowman-Vaughan. NOTE: There is no such thing as a 'coat of arms for a surname'. Many people of the same surname will often be entitled to completely different coats of arms, and many of that surname will be entitled to no coat of arms. Coats of arms belong to individuals. For any person to have a right to a coat of arms they must either have had it granted to them or be descended in the legitimate male line from a person to whom arms were granted or confirmed in the past. SOURCE: College of Arms: http://www.college-of-arms.gov.uk/Faq.htm
 SOURCE: Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage. [corroborated by my own research and family lore.]
 Georgia May 4, 1778 $30 PMG Choice Very Fine 35. This bright note with nice margins also has bold signatures. One of the signers, William Few, was to become a signer of the United States Constitution in 1787. The lower two-thirds of the boar vignette is strong, but it is weak at the upper right. The phrase on the back, AUT MORS, AUT VICTORIA LAETA, means either death or victory is pleasing. SOURCE: http://currency.ha.com/common/auction/catalogprint.php?SaleNo=38122&src=
Continental Currency May 10, 1775 $4 PMG Choice Very Fine 35. The emblem on the $4 notes is a wild boar charging into a spear with the motto AUT MORS AUT VITA DECORA (either death or an honorable life). James Milligan and James Read were the signers on this boldly printed example. The interesting nature print is skeletonized maple fruit. http://currency.ha.com/common/auction/catalogprint.php?SaleNo=3503&src=
 SOURCE: A grammar of British heraldry, consisting of blazon and marshalling ; with an introduction on the rise and progress of symbols and ensigns. By William Sloane Sloane-Evans. Edition: 2 Published by J.R. Smith, 1854 Original from Harvard University Digitized Sep 11, 2007 190 pages See also: Ducks can elude their enemies in many ways, either by flying, running, swimming or diving for cover; therefore, they are a symbol for a person of many resources. Ducks may be referred to by many names such as drake, mallard, teal, eider-duck, moorhen, and sheldrake. See also GANNET and MARTLET. SOURCE: http://www.heraldryandcrests.com/heraldic_symbols.htm
 Email June 21 2009 John Giaco.
 The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales.Vol II. Bernard Burke. 1878, London.
 Mary L. Jackson Jackson, Beard and Allied Families Prepared and Privately Printed for Mary L. Jackson by the American Historical Society, Inc. New York 1925. Her focus is a line of JACKSONs connected to Doncaster. http://www.archive.org/stream/jacksonbeardalli00amer#page/n35/mode/2up
 "I prefer to die than to be dishonored" Motto: "Malo Mori Quam Foedari" Translation: "Death rather than disgrace"
 Intro: Arms — Gules, three shovelers tufted on head and breast argent, each charged with trefoil vert. Crest — A shoveler as in arms.
 James JACKSON (1790-?0
 One version of our JACKSON family history has them coming from Northamptonshire in Elizabeth’s reign. The Duddington JACKSONs are connected to the JACKSONs of Limerick. SOURCES:
· Dublin: Genealogical Office Ms 171, pp 507-14; Pedigree of Jackson of Duddington in Lincolnshire, of Fanningstown, Co. Limerick 1630-1832.
· NOTE: Deed: 74-211-50840 1732/3 Jan 17 JACKSON Francis Doddington [sic – Duddington], Co Northton Indented deed, Assignment between John ROSE of Catherstock, Co of Northton, Esq made over to John CROKER all that the manor or lordship of Mountkenny + other lands in Co Wicklow [....several townlands incl townland of Jonestown] for residue of term from Lease & Release of 3 Jun 1730. NAMES: John ROSE, Catherstock, Co. Northton; Sir Wm DUDLEY Bart, Clayton Co. Northton; John CROKER, Gent, Dublin; Francis JACKSON (Witness to deed & Memorial), Gent, Doddington, Co. Northton. NOTE: This may be the Francis JACKSON d 1744, 2nd surviving son of Thomas JACKSON of Duddington Hall.
· JACKSON, F. Goddard. ''Catalogue of the Jackson (Duddington) Collection''. Northampton: Northamptonshire Record Office, 1960. NUI Galway http://www.landedestates.ie/LandedEstates/jsp/refsource-show.jsp?id=686
· The first known member of this line of JACKSONs granted Arms was Thomas JACKSON (1692) of Duddington.
 I still need to determine which of the various Fanningstown townlands this might be: There is one in the Parish of Particles, one in Fedamore and one in Adare.NOTE: In the Parish of Ballingarry, the townland of Lisduane was the home of Miles JACKSON as early as 1655. His sons were Miles JACKSON jr. & Clifford Walker JACKSON. His daughter Fanny probably married George MONCTON. SOURCE: P 16-17 Monckton of Co. Limerick. Brian De Breffny. The Irish Ancestor, Vol. IV, No. 1, 1972.
 p13. SIR JOHN JACKSON, baronet in 1660 by creation of King Charles II, married (first), Catherine Booth, daughter of George Booth, of Dunham, Massey. He married (second), Lucy Jopson, widow of Sir William Jopson, of Heath Hall. ...In the same County of York a branch of this family has become established at Doncaster and bore as arms: Per pale gules and ermine, cotised argent, between three shovelers of the last, a cross-crosslet between two annulets of the field. Finally a line of this family that claimed a baronetcy was seated at Beach Hill, Surrey, with the following arms: Gules, a fesse between three shovelers tufted on head and breast, argent, each shoveler charged with a trefoil, slipped vert. But it is to the branch of this family known as the Jacksons of Doncaster that John Jackson and his descendants belong. According to the "Dictionary of the Landed Gentry," by John Bernard Burke, Esq., on page 641, the following description is given: "This family resided for several generations on their own property at Fairburn, in the Parish of Ledsham, County York. The parish registers exhibit memorials of them from the year 1542."
p19: JAMES JACKSON, of Doncaster, second son of James and Mary (Pease) Jackson, was born in 1734. He married Mary Patrick, daughter of
John Patrick, of Doncaster, and died in 1797. He was twice mayor of Doncaster. Besides his son and successor, James, he left no other issue.
 Arthur Charles Fox-Davies Armorial Families: A directory of Gentlemen of Coat Armour. London, 1929.
 p 13. SIR JOHN JACKSON, Kt., of Hickleton, eldest son and heir, member of Parliament for Pontifract, married (first), Elizabeth Thornhaugh,
 p7. In the Visitation of London of 1508, Francis Jackson, great-grandson of John Jackson, second son of William Jackson, of Sugthall, or
 NOTE: The Red-billed Chough or Chough ( chuff), Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax, is a bird in the crow family. It was used in heraldry associated with Cornwall. Also, Thomas Becket. Apparently, there was a legend that King Arthur did not die but was turned into a chough. SEE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornish_chough
 Various sources:
· Conveyance of estates devised by John Jackson of Betchton House, in Betchton, Newton, Tetton, Sproston, Smallwood, Sandbach, Bradwall and Alsager. 16 Jun 1871 Cheshire Record Office DRH 80/22.
· Documents relating to Rev Jeffery Williams, Rector of Astbury 1731-1757, including curate's licence in parish church of Sandbach, 1697, probate of will, 1762, deed re Bollington Hall and probate of will of Mary Jackson, his mother-in-law, 1754 1697-1762 Cheshire Record Office DRH 80/6
· Gentlemen’s Magazine and Historical chronicle, Volume 9. 1838, London. P87 John Galley, of Betchton House, in Sandbach, gent, (in memory of his kinswomen Frances and Catherine Day-Jackson, and of his late brother Richard Galley, afterwards Jackson) to take the names of Day-Jackson after Galley.
· Francis Randle Twemlow, Twemlows, their wives and their homes from original records. SOURCE: http://www.ebooksread.com/authors-eng/francis-randle-twemlow/twemlows-their-wives-and-their-homes-from-original-records-mew/page-20-twemlows-their-wives-and-their-homes-from-original-records-mew.shtml In 1708 Merriell's tenement [of Betchton Manor] was held by Richard Jackson.... The Jacksons of Thurlwood were a very old Betchton family. I do not know whether the Jacksons who owned Betchton House in the 18th century, and several of whom were in orders, were descended from them. Very possibly it may be so; for in a paper at Delamere of the date of 1681 there is mention made of a Rev. Richard Jackson, son of John Jackson of Thurlwood. Richard Jackson is mentioned in ;^the Inq. p.m. of John Davenport 1557. John Jackson is mentioned in John Twemlow's will of 1621 as being his godson.
· Mary Hickson married John Jackson 22 OCT 1778, in Runcorn (between Norton & Frodsham), Cheshire. http://www.hicksons.org/ByCounty/cheshirenames3.html
· 1839 Nov 20. COPY WILL of John Galley Day Jackson Esq., of Betchton House within Betchton, Co. Chesire, Esq. Leave his plate and family pictures to his daughter Mary Galley Day Jackson. The rest of his household goods are to be divided equally between his two daughters Mary Galley Day Jackson and Francis Galley Day Jackson. To the trustees, In trust for his daughter Catherine now the wife of Mayosmond Alonso Durant, leaves an annuity of £100 chargeable on his real estate. This annuity is for her sole use, and her husband is not to come near Batchton Bouse. Leaves his freehold and leasehold houses and lands to his trustees Joseph Bullock of Congleton,co. Chestert surgeon and James Skerrett of Sandbach Co.Chester,gent,in trust. His daughter Mary is to have all those lands which formerly belonged to the late Miss Day Jackson and also that property situate on Coldmoso Heath purchased from Eenshalls,Wildings, Kinnerley and Broom's executors, also the property purchased from Mr. Ralph Percival and fields near Betchton Bouse purchased from the late Wm, Lowndes Esq., and Miss Furnival, also all his freehold lands in Ardid and a field in Smallwood, and various tithes purchased from the Rev.Isaac Wood, Also pews In the North Gallery of Sandbach Church. To his daughter Francis he leaves his lands purchased by himself or by his late brother Richard Jackson or by his father Richard Galley situate in the county of Chester and the rest of his freehold and leasehold property. Various provisions In ease of default of issue. His daughter Mary is to lose her share if she marries or cohabits with John Tides. SOURCE: Gwynedd Archives, Caernarfon Record Office. Digitalized by National records Office.
NOTE: Jan Waugh points out that the reference made to the three birds by the author of History of the Ancient Parish of Sandbach, and that he thought might be swans could very well be black hawks, which often show up in JACKSON crests, the heads of these birds are shown only from the neck up.
 Richard JACKSON of Betchton House, Sandbach, Gent bur at Sandbach, 4 Oct 1718. Will dated 11 Sept 1718; proved at Chester 29 Apr 1719. NOTE: It would be interesting to see this will – particularly if it mentions holdings of lands in Ireland. His son Richard, prebendary of York, Lichfield and Chester bapt at Sambach 10 Aug 1713. Married Anne SMALLBROKE (d 1783) – son Richard Oldfield JACKSON d. unmarried. Several children – Anne JACKSON (1706-1749) married William DAY (?-1776)
 William OLDFIELD –NOTE: a family tree is on p139 The History of the ancient Parish of Sandbach, Co. Chester including the two Chapelries of Holmes Chapel and Goostrey: From Original Records. J.P. Earwaker, M.A. F.S.A.
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