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NAMES: Samuel McCULLAGH; Thomas TIPPING; James McCULLAGH; Henry FORTESCUE; William FORTESCUE; James FORTESCUE. PLACES: Piedmont, Co. Antrim; Castletown, Co. Louth; Tullyvallen, Co. Armagh; Reynoldstown, Co. Louth.
Sharon Oddie Brown, June 28, 2009
Updated footnotes March 19, 2010

PRONI T524 7

NOTE: I used voice recognition to transcribe this and have not changed much of the spelling, abbreviations or capitalization to match that used in the original. This is also one of those pages where my ignorance is on full display. I know next to nothing about the TIPPING & FORTESCUE families as you can see from my footnotes.


18 February 1744

James McCULLAGH Esq. to Thomas TIPPING Esq.


The McCuilaghs, a Scottish or English family, had obtained a substantial portion of

the 30,000- acre estate of Sir Henry O'Neill of Glassdrumman, when that family was

transplanted to Bohola in Co. Mayo, in 1654. They owned land in Co. Monaghan[1] and in

Co. Armagh and they built a scutch-mill (as well as several other mills) on the River

Fane, at the bottom of "Corismood".

SOURCE: Cullaville Con Mac an Ghirr. Published in Creggan: Journal of the Creggan Local History Society, 1990 pg 60.


NOTE:  There are at least two other documents at the Deeds Registry that likely also relate to this McCULLAGHs of this indenture:





1744 Feb 22

Memorial of Indenture; 1st pt James Ross merchant of Belfast; 2nd pt Jas McCulloch Esq of Piedmount, Co Antrim; 3rd pt Rev Hugh Hill of Mounthill Co Antrim (with ref to an indenture  dated 29 Aug 1744(!) between James McCulloch, Dorothy Beresford Shaw otherwise McCulloch & James Ross). Ballygrogan, Co Antrim.




1744 Feb 13


Registry of Deeds, Abstracts of Wills.

Jas McCulloh of City of Dublin – will dated 13 Feb 1744. Trustees: James Stewart, Co Antrim, & Charles Macartney, City of Dublin. Residue to nephew William McCulloh; £600 to eldest dau Margaret; £600 to 2nd dau Jane; £30 per ann to wife Mary McCulloh otherwise Ferguson; £200 to Alice Bowker; £100 to servt Alice Boyce. Executors James McCulloh of Piedmount, Co Antrim & his nephew Wm McCulloh Wit: Paschall Wilson & Will Bigger


James MCCULLOH signed a will on 13 Feb 1744 in Ireland, Dublin. [Robert D Epperson, compiler, McCulloch - Macartney (:, Jan 1, 2007).] Abstract of the will of James McCulloh, Esq. of Dublin, Ireland.  [Dated] 13 Feb. 1744. Narrate 1p., [Probated] 13 May 1745. His wife Mary McCulloh otherwise Ferguson. His nephew Mr Wm. McCulloh. His eldest daughter Margt. McCulloh. His second daughter Jane McCulloh, James Stewart, Co. Antrim, Esq., and Charles Macartney, Dublin, merchant, trustees. To James Macartney son of said Charles Macartney £300 when 21 years. Alice Bowker of the Kingdom of Great Britain. His servant Alice Boyce £100 for her faithful service. James McCulloh  of Piedmont, Co. Antrim, Esq., and his said nephew Wm. McCulloh exors. His real and personal estate.  Witnesses: John Treanor, Dublin, Edmd. Wall, Dublin, gent.  Paschall Wilson, Dublin, scrivener.  Memorial witnessed by: Paschall Wilson, William Bigger, Dublin, gent.  116, 414, 81200  Wm McCulloch (seal)" He died in 1745 in Ireland, Dublin. SOURCE: http://sonic.net/~prouty/prouty/b1005.htm




This Indenture made the 18th day of February in the year of our Lord 1744. Between Samuel McCULLAGH[2] of Piedmont[3] in the County of Antrim Esquire of the one part and Thomas TIPPING[4] of Castletown[5] in the County of Louth Esquire of the other part. Witnesseth that the said James McCULLAGH[6] for divers considerations him thereunto moving and more especially for and in consideration of the Rents Covenants and Agreements hereinafter expressed and reserved HATH demised granted lett and to farm lett unto the said Thomas TIPPING his heirs and assigns all that and those the lands of Tullyvallen Cuningham[7] containing 18 acres or thereabouts be the same more or less situate lying and being in the Barony of Fews and County of Armagh now in the possession of the said Thomas TIPPING saving and reserving out of this demise unto the said James McCULLAGH his Heirs Exors Admons and Assigns forever all mines minerals and coals and all other royalties whatsoever now or hereafter to be found in or upon the said demise premises or any part thereof also all marl and limestone except such parts as is sufficient to be laid out on said lands and premises with liberty of free ingress egress and regress for him the said James McCULLAGH his heirs and assigns and their servants at all times to Digg pits for Raise and Carry away all such mines minerals coals marl and lime stone as herein before is reserved and to Carry away the same he the said James McCULLAGH his heirs and assigns paying all such reasonable costs and damages that shall be sustained by or on account of digging for or carrying away the same unto the said Thomas TIPPING his heirs or assigns without the let suit trouble or molestation of him the said Thomas TIPPING his heirs or assigns him them or any of them. To have and to hold all and singular the said demised premises and every part thereof with their and every of their appurtenances except as before excempt unto the said Thomas TIPPING his Exors Admons and Assigns from the first day of November last past for and during the natural life and lives of the said Henry FORTESCUE[8] William and James FORTESCUE[9] of Reynoldstown[10] in the County of Louth Esquires and a survivor and survivors of them -- yielding and paying therefore and thereout -- yearly and every year during the said demise unto the said James McCULLAGH his Heirs Exors Admons and Assigns the clear yearly rent or sum of £10 yearly and every year during the said demise by even and equal portions that is to say on every first day of May and first day of November during this demise free and clear over and above Quit and Crown Rent and all other manner of taxes whatsoever. AND the said Thomas TIPPING doth hereby for him his heirs Exhors Admons and Assigns in case of nonpayment the said rent as the same becomes due as aforesaid or in 21 days next after the same that shall respectively become due into the said demised premises from time to time to enter into distrain and the Distress and Distresses thereon found to dispose of according to law and for want of sufficient distress into the said demise premises or any part thereof to – Re-enter and the same to have again repossess and enjoy as in his or their former estate anything herein contained to the contrary notwithstanding. AND the same James McCULLAGH doth for himself his heirs and assigns covenant and agree to and with the said Thomas TIPPING his Exors Admons and Assigns that as often as any of the lives above mentioned drop and on the said Thomas TIPPING his heirs and assigns performing the clauses and covenants herein expressed and on tendering unto the said James McCULLAGH his heirs and assigns in six months after every such life so dying the sum of five pounds sterling shall and will at the request of the said Thomas TIPPING his heirs and assigns add or insert a new life for lives in the place instead of the life for lives so happening to die and so his Quoties  for every such life so to be added or inserted for ever and also the said Thomas TIPPING his heirs and Exores Admons and Assigns shall and will from time to time and at all times hereafter during said term preserve and keep all in every the houses buildings quickset and improvements now made or hereafter to be made in or upon the said demised premises or any part thereof in good sufficient Tenantable order repair and condition and the same in such Order Repair and Condition shall deliver up at the End sooner Determination of this Demise and notwithstanding anything herein Contained the said Thomas TIPPING doth hereby for him his heirs and assigns covenant and agree to and with the said James McCULLAGH his heirs and assigns that in case it shall hereafter appear the lands hereby demised exceed 80 acres that then and in that case the said Tommy Thomas TIPPING his heirs and assigns shall pay unto the said James McCULLAGH his heirs and assigns rent for the same yearly and every year from the commencement thereof and during this demise three shillings for each and every acre of land so exceeding said 80 acres and also upon each and every new life to be added one half years rent of such surplus acres. And lastly the said James McCULLAGH for himself and heirs and assigns covenant and agree to and with the said Thomas TIPPING his Exors Admons and Assigns that he the said Thomas TIPPING his heirs and assigns paying the said reserved yearly rent and performing the covenants herein expressed and reserved -- shall and may lawfully and peaceably have hold and enjoy all and every the said demised premises and every part thereof for and during the said term without any suit trouble or disturbance of or from him the said James McCULLAGH his heirs and assigns or any other person or persons -- deriving by form or under him the them or any of them. In witness whereof the parties above named thereunto put their hands and seals the day and year first above Written --

[1] This Monaghan reference interests me since Elizabeth JACKSON nèe McCULLAGH (1788-1880) was the grandmother of Sir Thomas JACKSON (hence, one of my g-g-great-grandmothers). She was from Derryvalley, her parents being James McCULLAGH & Sally McCARTER (?-1816). Her grandfather is a yet-to-be-named McCULLAGH, likely involved in both farming and the linen trade in Monaghan.

[2] Samuel McCULLAGH. He would have died after 1744. I am exploring where he might fit in. Clues include:

1.       Account of the Barony of Upper Fews in the County of Armagh , John Donaldson. 1819. P13The remaining half of the townland [Cloghog] was divided into three parts, and taken by the following Presbyterian tenants: One share was taken by William McCULLAGH, Samuel McCULLAGH and George McCULLAGH, who were brothers and John BROWN, their brother-in-law. Of interest is that a William McCULLAGH married a Jane COULTER, daughter of Thomas COULTER and Anne MAFFIT. I suspect that they are all inter-related.

[3] Piedmont, Antrim – NOTE: I do not know where this might be.

[4] Thomas TIPPING. This is likely the Thomas TIPPING, son of Thomas TIPPING (d. 1740) and Maybella STANNUS.

  • The Thomas TIPPING (?-1741) described as “of Castletown was likely a descendant of the Thomas TIPPING who received a grant from King Charles II in 1666 of lands in Westmeath & Down..
  • Thomas TIPPING had two sons, Thomas TIPPING of Beaulieu & Edward TIPPING (b 1737?) and 8 daughters: Sarah; ; Sophia (married to a Mr Palmer); Mary; Catherine (married to Rev. Rowley Hall); Mabella; Charity; Letitia; and Elizabeth who married Faithful FORTESCUE before 1730 (and they had two children: Faithful  FORTESCUE - died in 1785. M.P. for Louth in 1727 & Thomas FORTESCUE).
  • It seems that Thomas TIPPING married twice.
  • His only sister was married to Walter COPE of Co. Armagh.
  • In his will, he left his property in trust to 'Ephraim Dawson of Dawson's Court', Portarlington, Queen's County, ancestor of Lord Portarlington, whose wife or mother was a Miss TIPPING, and Faithful FORTESCUE, 'his grandson', for his son Thomas, with remainder to his son Edward, TIPPING and to Walter COPE's son, and £1500 to each of his six unmarried daughters.
  • Thomas Tipping from Louth was an interesting representative [of parliament]. The election in Louth in 1761 was most unusual in that the selling of boroughs was long practised. Messrs Fortescue, Foster, and Thomas Tipping came to an agreement to deposit £400 each and agreed that Fortescue would be one member and that Foster and Tipping should toss up to see which of them would get the other. The loser was to get the £1,200 to purchase a seat in another borough. The toss was made and Foster won it. The whole arrangement caused controversy but ultimately Foster and Fortescue were returned unopposed. They failed to keep their side of the bargain and feelings in Louth ran so high that for a few years no sherriffs or grand jurymen were elected. Shortly after his withdrawal from the election in 1761 Tipping was returned for the borough of Kilbeggan, presumably by purchase but who provided the money is not known. Tipping had lands at Gneevebeg, Moycashel formerly held by Kedagh McGeoghegan. The mill and dwelling house were destroyed by fire in 1753 and a reward of £50 was put up for the culprit. SOURCE: http://www.offalyhistory.com/categories/Reading-Resources/Neighbouring-Counties/?Page=5
  • SOURCE: PRONI Introduction to the Tipping Papers. Also: http://fortescue.org/d1064.htm
  • NOTE: It is likely that the Samuel TIPPING who married Mary COULTER (d. 1803) was related. Edward TIPPING was frequently the landlord of several COULTER land holdings in co. Louth. SOURCE: http://www.thesilverbowl.com/documents/TABLES/Louth-GriffithsTable.html

[5] Castletown, Co. Louth. Thomas Tipping lived beside the Castle. 'This a handsome old castle belonging to Lord Bellew in tolerable good repair, having several rooms in it very habitable, and at present tenanted by Thomas Tipping Esq., who lives in an adjacant modern house, making use of the Castle only as a kitchen and servants hall: 'Tis situated upon the North side of an hill, about a small mile from Dundalk, westward, seen for several miles along the North Road, and commands a full view of the harbour and bay, Slavgullion and the mountains of Carlingford.' – Wright SOURCE: http://www.jbhall.freeservers.com/web_site_illustrations.htm

[6] James McCULLAGH (prob d. 1774). I don’t exactly know who he was, but clues include:

1.       Account of the Barony of Upper Fews in the County of Armagh , John Donaldson. 1819. P11. About 1733 several landed proprietors of the then parish of Creggan – to wit, Edward TIPPING, Alexander HAMILTON, James McCULLAGH, Adam NOBLE, and Randle DONALDSON, Esq. Invited Presbyterians to settle in their respective estates.

2.       Belfast Newsletter March 23, 1754 Whereas his Majesty by his Letters Patent was pleased to grant unto James McCullough of Camoley in the County of Armagh, Esq.; two fairs to be held yearly for ever at Culloville, being part of the lands of Cornecary, Corrakineony, Mongoleagh and Glassdrumaghy; situate in the parish of Creggan, Barony of Fews and County of Armagh: that is to say, one fair to be held on every 26th day of April, and one other fair to be held on every 26th day of October, and on the date next following each of the said days; as also a weekly market to be held in or at Cullaville aforesaid, on every Friday for ever. This is therefore to give notice, that fares will be accordingly held at the place aforesaid on the respective days aforesaid; and that a weekly market will be held there, on every Friday, as soon as proper accommodation can be prepared for those who may pleased to attend the same; and that the said fairs, and market are to be custom free for seven years from the date hereof. Part of the said lands of Cornacary is now to be let, and the other denominations above mentioned with several more will soon be out of lease. Application may be made to the said James McCullough at Carmoley aforesaid, who will give good encouragement to linen drapers yarn merchants and tradesmen of all kinds.

3.       Belfast newsletter 1774 Sep 20 DIED: At Camoley in the Fews James M McCULLOCH, Esq.

4.       He was evidently the executor for the James McCULLAGH of Dublin who died in 1745. This James McCULLAGH was a son of James McCULLAGH of Grogan, Scotland, whose brothers were William & Henry McCULLAGH. SOURCE: http://sonic.net/~prouty/prouty/b1005.htm

5.       Dated 3 April, 1754.

[7] Tullyvallen Cuningham, Parish of Newtownhamilton. There are four such townlands: Tullyvallen Hamilton East; Tullyvallen Maccullagh; Tullyvallen Tipping east; Tullyvallen Tipping west.


[9] William and James FORTESCUE.

  • A William FORTESCUE married May 3, 1681, Margaret, only daughter of Nicholas GERNON of Milltown, Co. Louth. He died in 1733 leaving sons Thomas his heir, Matthew in the Royal Navy & Faithful FORTESCUE who married Elizabeth TIPPING. SOURCE: The Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland. John Debrett - 1809, p845.
  • Another William FORTESCUE was a son of Sir Thomas FORTESCUE (?-1710). He was involved in various legal shenanigans concerning the alleged illegal annexation of church estates in the 1690s. This William had a grandson William Henry FORTESCUE (d 1829), Earl of Clermont (NOTE: It would be worth looking at PRONI D4074/2-7 to learn more. See also: http://www.louthnewryarchives.ie/online-exhibitions/landowners-county-louth/clermont-fortescue.shtml ). Another site gives his dates as (1722-1806). SEE: http://www.georgianindex.net/Sport/Horse/horse_breeders.html .
  • William Henry Fortescue, 1st Earl of Clermont KP (5 August 1722 – 30 September 1806) was an Irish peer and politician. He became Earl of Clermont in 1777 and was appointed a Knight Founder of the Order of St. Patrick on 30 March 1795. He represented Louth in the Irish House of Commons from 1745 to 1761 and subsequently Monaghan Borough until 1771. Between 1768 and 1769, he sat also as Member of Parliament for Dundalk. SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Fortescue,_1st_Earl_of_Clermont

[10] Reynoldstown, Parish of Mayne, Co. Louth.



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