This will is currently in the collection
of Christine Wright who has shared it with me. The transcription
was made from a tape recording of myself reading it (I had
run out of CDs to burn it on to!). The punctuation is currently
lacking, but I will fix that in the future.
I have created footnotes, many of which are blank at this time
awaiting help from others or tidbits that I find that fit. Good
Any errors in the transcription or footnoting are mine alone.
Sharon Oddie Brown, January 12, 2005.
Small Update: added link to Buxton Museum March 3, 2011.
name of God, Amen.
Donaldson of Cavananore in the County of Louth,
widow, do herby make publish and declare this to be my last will and
testament. I give and bequeath unto my nephew Thomas Oliver & my niece Mary Jane Oliver and
to the survivor of them and the executors or administrators of such
survivor the sum of 500 pounds sterling. Upon trust to lend out, the
same on good and approved landed security at the best rate of interest
that can be had for the same and to receive the interest thereof and
apply the same in such a way as they may think right for the sole and
separate use of and benefit of my niece Eliza Jackson otherwise Oliver free
from the debts control and engagements of her present husband David
Jackson or of any other husband who she may
hereafter marry with power to my said niece Eliza Jackson by any deed
to be duly executed by her during her lifetime or by her last will and
testament in writing duly executed and attested to a point the said
sum of 500 pounds and the interest thereof or any part thereof to and
amongst her children to the said David Jackson or unto anyone or more
or such children to the exclusion of the others or other of them for
such estates and in such shares and proportions and subject to such
conditions and limitations in all respects as she shall limit and direct
and in default of any such direction, limitation or appointment and
so far as the same if incomplete shall not extend then my will is the
said sum of 500 pounds shall go to and amongst such of the children
of my said niece Eliza Jackson by her said husband David Jackson as
shall be living at the time of her death in equal shares and proportions.
I live and bequeath unto my said nephew Thomas Oliver and my said niece
Mary Jane Oliver and to the survivor of them and the executors or administrators
of such survivor the sum of 50 pounds in trust for the use and benefit
of the children of my nephew Andrew Oliver in such shares and proportions or disproportions to
be applied at such times as my said nephew and niece may think right.
I give and bequeath unto Miss Jemima Collins & her sister Miss Sarah Collins both
of #4 Lower Rutland Street in the city of Dublin the sum of twenty five
pounds to be divided equally between them and in case either of them
the said Jemima and Sarah Collins should die before this will takes
effect then I give and bequeath the whole sum of twenty five pounds
to the survivor. I give and bequeath the sum of thirty pounds late currency
now in the hands of William Charleton of Phillipstown Esq.
unto John Brown Esq.
Doctor of Medicine at Dundalk in trust for the benefit of Olivia Kyle and her sister Louisa Kyle.
To my old servant, Margaret McCullagh otherwise Coulter, I give and bequeath the sum of ten pounds
sterling and if the said Margaret McCullagh should not survive me, then
I bequeath the said sum of ten pounds to her youngest son.
I give and bequeath unto Anne Jane Quinn and Sarah Birch Quinn of
Canada in North America whatever moiety of a sum of fifty pounds with
interest lodged by me in the Dundalk Savings Bank may remain due to
me at the time of my decease. I give and bequeath unto the Reverend
Doctor Urwick and the Reverend John Hands both
of the City of Dublin and the survivor of them or the executors or administrators
of such survivor the sum of fifty pounds sterling in trust for the use
and benefit of the Hiberian Missionary Society Auxiliary to the Missionary Society
formed in London in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety five
one half of said sum I desire to be applied for the education of females
in India and the other half for the African Missions. I give and bequeath
unto Matthew Patteson Esq. Of the City of Edinburgh his executors or administrators
the sum of seventy five pounds in trust to be applied as follows: twenty
five pounds for the Edinburgh Bible Society; twenty five pounds for
the Jewish Schools of the Free Church of Scotland’s Mission at
Constantinople and twenty five pounds in trust for the following objects
of his mission in Kings Inn Street Dublin
fifteen pounds of said sum to be applied for the use of his church schools
and the remaining ten pounds to the Dorcas Society. To the Reverend William Gibson professor
in the Presbyterian College Belfast I give and bequeath the sum of twenty
five pounds in trust for the orphan asylum and schools in the valleys
of Piedmont in Italy. I give and bequeath to the treasurer of the Ulster
Institution for the Deaf Dumb and Blind the sum of ten pounds sterling to be applied for the benefit
of the inmates of that institution as the managers thereof may think
right. I give and bequeath unto my niece Mary Jane Oliver the sum of
twenty five pounds in trust for the schools established for coloured
people by the Reverend William King at the Elgin Settlement, Upper Canada
to be applied by her in such a manner as she may think right for the
benefit of said schools. I live and bequeath all the rest residue and
remainder of my property and estate real or personal wheresoever situate
whether in possession, reversion, remainder or expectancy unto my niece
Mary Jane Oliver and to her executors administrators or assigns subject
to the payment of my just debts, funeral and testamentary expenses.
And I nominate and appoint my said niece Mary Jane Oliver and the said
Thomas Oliver executors of my last will and testament and I further
will and direct that the said several legacies be not paid or payable
or become vested until the expiration of twelve months after my decease
and that the interest of the said several sums in the meantime shall
become and form part of my residuary estate herein before bequeathed
to my said niece the same Mary Jane Oliver in testimony wherefore I
have hereunto subscribed my name this third day of November in the year
of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty three. Signed published
and declared by the said testatrix as and for her last will and testament
in the presence of us who in her presence at her request and the presence
of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses
Dickie solicitor Dundalk
Black PM Dundalk
time, I will write up a page, but for now: William KING was born
in Newtown [Limavady], Co. Londonderry, Ireland on November 11th, 1812 and in 1834 (age 22) emigrated
with his parents to North America. SOURCE: National Library & Archives of Canada [NOTE: There
may be a familial link. Mary KING (d. 1796) was the wife of Rev. James
Jackson BIRCH (1740-1820) may have been related to William KING. Her
father was Rev. John KING, the Presbyterian Minister of Dromora. There
was also a John KING (b. 1791), minister at Ballyjamesduff who succeeded
Samuel KENNEDY and married his daughter. His father was Patrick KING,
a Ballybay merchant. There is also an unnamed KING, also a child of
a John KING who married Mary BIRCH, sister of James Jackson BIRCH.]
the KING family settled on a farm in Ohio but then moved to South Jackson,
Louisiana where KING served as Rector of Matthew’s Academy, a private
school for children of wealthy plantation owners. While resident there,
he married Mary PHARES, the daughter of a wealthy plantation owner.
Even though he himself was opposed to slavery, his wife owned four slaves.
How he dealt with this, I don’t yet know.
would have been in his late twenties or early thirties when his wife
and son and daughter all died (of causes currently unknown to me). Just
after this, KING returned to Scotland to continue studies preparing
him for missionary work. He was subsequently posted by the Presbyterian
Church of Scotland to do missionary work in Canada.
after he arrived in Canada in 1846, KING learned of his father-in-law’s
death. He returned to Louisiana to take possession of and to subsequently
free the 14 black slaves now owned by him. He brought them to Canada
in 1849. Their last names reflect the name of their enslavers, either
John Phares, (buried in Jackson, Louisiana) or the Rev. Wm. King himself:
Amelia, Ben Phares, Eliza, Emeline Phares, Fanny, Harriet, Isaiah Phares,
Jacob King, Mollie, Peter King, Robin, Sarah, Stephen Phares, Talbert
King. Also included was four year old Soloman, the son of one of the
the Elgin Association working with the Presbyterian Synod, King had
already secured 9,000 acres (3642 ha) twelve miles south of Chatham
near the American border as a donation from Lord Elgin (See web site
of North Buxton, Ontario, Canada Museum site). The settlement was six
miles wide by three miles long (or 8 kilometers by 4 kilometers) and
was situated between the Great Western Railway and Lake Erie. The land
was divided into farms of 50 acres each and the settlers had ten years
to make good on their purchase, a circumstance enhanced by the nearby
jobs afforded by the railway to complement the earnings from the farmland.
They faced arguments from nearby landowners that the black settlers
would drive down property prices. Still, KING and his plan prevailed
and became a model of economic self-sufficiency and educational excellence.
Saturday, October 8th, 1859, KING spoke at a public meeting
in Armagh to raise money for this venture (This was a year before the
outbreak of the American Civil War – just to give a sense of context).
The Underground Railway was funnelling considerable numbers of fugitive
slaves to the Elgin Settlement where they were free to settle and receive
an education of such high quality that whites started to want their
children to be educated there, making KING’s school one of the first
integrated schools in North America. KING believed in a classical education
(including both Greek and Latin) and asserted, “Blacks are intellectually
capable of absorbing Classical and abstract matters”. The future Father
of Confederation, George BROWN was also one of his staunch supporters.
By 1857, over 200 families had gained their freedom and were settled
married again, a white woman named Jemima Nicole BAXTER of Scotland, a woman who
was both troubled and gifted. Unable to bear children, she was known
to try to take babies that she would see on the street away from their
parents. On the other hand, she was a gifted musician and taught music
at the settlement. KING died in 1895 at the ripe old age of 83. There
is a character in a Harriet Beecher Stowe book, “Dred, A Tale of the
Great Swamp” which is based upon KING.
SEE: Buxton Museum