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Creggan Landlords: Thomas Prideaux BALL; Alexander HAMILTON; Walter McGeough BOND; Ann CLEWLOW; Mrs. QUINN.
Sharon Oddie Brown. February 5, 2012
NOTE: See also: 1833 February 5th news clipping.
This news item intrigues me since it is a side of the landlord-tenant relationship that often gets less attention - understandably, given history and context - than the kinds of landlord actions that resulted in violence.
NOTE: Thanks to Pat Connors Tithes Page, I can add that in The Tithe Applotments of 1828, Thomas P. BALL held title to Corliss, Monag & Urker. A Widow QUINN held land at Cullyhanna and Sytrim, and a number of other QUINNs owned land also in these townlands and nearby.
NOTE: Thanks to Peter McWilliam, I have learned that the ongoing Tithes War was part of the context for these actions.


1834 Dec 5



TITHES -- we understand that THOMAS P. BALL[1] Esq., has undertaken to pay the Tithes of his large estate in the parish of Creggan, Diocese of Armagh to the Incumbent, and that he makes a present of it to all his tenantry, whether they hold their land under him by lease or otherwise. We are also informed that ALEX. HAMILTON[2], Esq., WALTER MCGEOUGH BOND[3], Esq., Mrs. CLEWLOW[4] and MRS. QUINN[5], have each agreed to pay the Tithes due on their several Estates, in said parish of Creggan, to the Incumbent.


1834 Tithes


[1] Thomas Prideaux BALL (1796-1869) son of Thomas BALL & Mary PRIDEAUX. The BALL family held leases in Creggan going back to at least Cromwellian times. At the time of Griffiths Valuation, he had substantial holdings in the townland of Corlis.

[2] Alexander HAMILTON. I suspect that this is the Alexander HAMILTON Esq. Barrister at Law and eldest son of Hugh HAMILTON, Bishop of Ossory and Isabella WOOD. He was born 1774 in Newtown, Co. Armagh and died 1840. He married Juliana TISDALL. He was the older brother of Hans HAMILTON.

[3] Walter McGeough BOND. He was a High Sherriff of Armagh in 1819. He was a major landowner in Armagh, Monaghan and Louth. DEATH OF W. M'G. BOND, ESQ.In our obituary columns will be found an announcement of the demise of this gentleman, a member of one of our oldest county families. He had attained the ripe old age of 76 years, whose retrospect reflects honour on himself and family. He was a resident landlord; and during the last few years expended large sums of money in the republishing and gratuitous distribution of the works of celebrated divines. As a husband and parent, Mr. Bond bore a high character for the affection which distinguished those important relations of life. The remains will be interred tomorrow in the crypt of Armagh cathedral, at half-past twelve o'clock. SOURCE: The Armagh Guardian. Friday, March 23, 1866

[4] Mrs CLEWLOW aka Ann CLEWLOW née Ann DONALDSON (d. aft1845), daughter of Captain James DONALDSON & Hester ECHLIN (1730-1807). Her sister married Rev. Daniel KELLY. The ECHLINs, DONALDSONs & KELLYs were all significant landowners. SEE: The will of her niece, Louisa Jane KELLY April 5, 1823. Another useful source:  Irish Edition of Alexander ban DONALDSON:  p. 245 “Donaldson, Ann married Rev James CLEWLOW, Vicar of Saintfield, Co. Down an (sic) Claremont hear Belfast. This family is now extinct. Estate went to heirs of Ann, this being her maternal Aunt Jane ECHLIN of Echlinville who married Major George MATTHEWS of Springdale near Grey Abby. Mrs. MATTHEWS willed the estate to her 2nd son John Echlin MATTHEWS and his heirs. Edward MATTEWS inherited all of the lease lands after death of Ann and Sarah. At his death he owned 809 acres in South Armagh and 1580 in C. Antrim. Several parcels of this was our DONALDSONS land in Carron and Cloghoge. Anne & James had no children. Later generations of MATTHEWS took the name and arms of DONALDSON to enable them to inherit property.”

·        p.304 Ann CLEWLOW, sister of Rev James CLEWLOW died in 1844 and the property that John DONALDSON (b.1772) resided on was sold in 1854. This ended this family's connection with this land.

[5] Mrs QUINN. I know next to nothing about the QUINN family. There seem to have been both Presbyterian and Catholic QUINNs in the region.

  • Thomas POWELL, an under agent of William QUINN who had inherited his uncle’s estates in South Armagh, was murdered near Newtownhamilton on January 2, 1841. SEE: Agrarian Disturbances around Crossmaglen, 1835-1855: Part III Kevin McMahon and Thomas McKeown, Seanchas Ardmhacha: Journal of the Armagh Diocesan Historical Society, Vol. 10, No.2 (1982), pp. 380-416. Is it possible that the deceased uncle was the late husband of Mrs. Quinn? If so, then it would appear that the nephew had initiated an abrupt 180 degree shift in how the tenancies were managed.

·        A John QUINN was murdered near Dundalk Sept 22, 1835. NOTE: I do not know if this was the John QUINN of Dowdallshill.

·        A Presbyterian, Felix QUINN, of Ballyalbany was a member of the Volunteers (associated with the Uprising of 1798).

·        I find it interesting that a David Quinn JACKSON son of a John JACKSON and a Mary QUINN was born near Dundalk Sept 7, 1870. A QUINN burial in Creggan graveyard is that of  Fr. Terence QUINN, P.P (b 1715). They are a family with deep roots in the parish.



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