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Villiers Alweyn Caesar Hawkins

Florence Celia Cowper
Born: Jan 15 1860
Died: March 30, 1945 Died: July 4, 1947
Father: Villiers William Caesar HAWKINS Father: Major J. COWPER
Mother: Emily DALY Mother:
Married: February 14, 1888 (SOURCE: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage)

June 16, 2008 update:
Birthdate of HAWKINS - Jan 15, 1860. SOURCE: Who's Who in the Far East, 1906-1907. This is a couple of years after the marriage of his parents at Demerara.
Marriage of HAWKINS parents: SOURCE: London Times Marriages. HAWKINS - DALY: On the 15th ult., at Demerara, by the Rev. William Fox, M.A., Villiers W Caesar Hawkins, Esq., Assistant Commissary-General, son of Sir John Caesar Hawkins, Bart., to Emily, youngest daughter of the Hon. John Daly, Administrator-General of Demerara and Essequibo. 1858 1 27 (NOTE: The United Colony (Essequibo and Demerara) and the Colony of Berbice became the Colony of British Guiana in 1831.)
HAWKINS' uncle (Emily's only brother). SOURCE: The Colonist MONDAY JANUARY 4 1864 P.2 COL .4 Married DALY‐BALDWIN ‐At St. Swithin's Church, Demerary, by the Lord Bishop of the Diocese, asst. by the Ven. Archdeacon Jones, John Daly, Esq., Stipendiary Magistrate, British Guiana, only Son of the Hon. John Daly, Administrator‐General of Demerary & Essequebo, to Jane Maria, eldest Daughter of J.A. Baldwin, Esq., of Head View, Lismore, Waterford, Ireland.
NOTE: There is an Honorable John DALY of Cork who is mentioned in January 1884 as being: “Steward of the Manor of Northstead” which I take to mean that he was an MP.

February 23, 2006 update: HAWKINS had son known as "Toby" HAWKINS who was a partner in Harwoods, the solicitors for the London Bank.
July 1, 2008 update: His full name was Villiers Frederick Caesar, born at the Peak in Hong Kong on Nov 26 1888 (a respectful nine months after his parent's marriage) and died without issue in 1970. His wife, Emma JOHO of Zurick died in 1979. This leaves little in the way of family options for learning more.

January 8, 2013 update: HAWKINS was said to be a "cousin" of Sir Thomas JACKSON. For years, I tried to discern such a link, but have concluded that the information was a red herring. There was a distant family link that is so complex that I won't try to detail it - only to say that it involves a half sister of Emily DALY, mother of HAWKINs. This half sister linked up in turn with the DARE family, related to Sir Thomas JACKSON's wife, Amelia Lydia DARE.
I have found some HAWKINS connections to Gilford Castle which I have in the JOHNSTON family tree. They are too far back in time for proof of any reliable connection. The name "VILLIERS" was also known in Ireland and there are also a few JACKSON connections to it. Again, still very much in the territory of the far-fetched hunch. The connection may be through his mother, the DALY line, but I have yet to begin on that possibility. Sharon Oddie Brown, February 21, 2006.

The following transcriptions come to me thanks to the generosity of Wendy JACK. July 12, 2005

The Times Death Notice - 3 Apr 1945; pg 1
HAWKINS. - On March 30, 1945, at Cheltenham, VILLIERS ALWYNE CAESAR HAWKINS, of 35, Phillimore Gardens, Kensington, London, late of Hongking and Shanghai Banking Corporation, aged 85. Please, no letters and no flowers.

The Times Wills - 20 Aug 1945; pg 6
Among other wills are the following:-
HAWKINS, Mr. Villiers Alwyn Caesar, of Phillimore Gardens, W. .. .. .. £127,112

The Times Death Notice - 7 Jul 1947; pg 1
HAWKINS. - On July 4, 1947, at 35, Phillimore Gardens, Kensington, W.8, FLORENCE CELIA, wife of the late VILLIERS ALWEYN HAWKINS. Funeral private. No flowers.
UPDATE: February 16, 2006
Thanks to Venetia Bowman-Vaughan, I also now know a bit more about this Mr. HAWKINS - particularly the date of his marriage and that his wife was the only child of Major J. COWPER of the 15th Regiment. More to come!
UPDATE - February 21, 2006
Again, thanks to Venetia Bowman-Vaughan, I also know that he was the second son of Villiers William Caesar HAWKINS who was himself the youngest of nine boys. His mother, Emily DALY was the daughter of Hon John DALY.

NOTE: The information that I have beneath comes primarily from two sources: The Group Archives of the Hongkong Shanghai Bank and Frank H.H. King's extensive four volume "History of the Hongkong Shanghai Bank".

1879 Joins London Office of HSBC
1882 East to join Hong Kong office

Hong Kong, in charge of Books Department, salary of $175, increased by $50. in September

1886 Hong Kong, salary of $250.
December 1887 On leave and given permission to marry
May 1888 Hong Kong
1889 Batavia (now Jakarta, Indonesia) acting Agent
1890 Hong Kong
June 1890 San Francisco, acting Agent
MArch 1891 Hong Kong, Chief Accountant
Oct 1891 Hong Kong, acting Sub-Manager
1893 Hong Kong, Sub-Manager
march 1900 On leave
1901 Hong Kong, Sub-Manager
1902 Inspector of Branches
1904 Yokohama, Manager
April 1907 On leave
1908 Resigns due to ill health
Dec 1911 Appointed a director of HSBC and member of the Finance Committee.

Notes from H.H. King’s Vol 1 of The History of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation.
p. 483 "In 1898...Jackson felt justified in taking a five weeks' leave at the end of April, and the Bank was left in charge of the Hong Kong Sub-Manager, V.A. Caesar Hawkins (East in 1882). Interestingly, in view of future developments, Jackson informed the Board on his return that he was well satisfied with Hawkin's management."
p. 585 "V.A.Caesar Hawkins, disappointed in the post-Jackson era, left the Bank in 1907, and was later a director and member of the Finance Committee of the Imperial Bank of Persia*, of which Sir Thomas Jackson was chairman." *MY NOTE: Now called The British Bank of the Middle East or BBME. The BBME began as the Imperial Bank of Persia, established in 1889 with a Royal charter from Queen Victoria, and a Concession from the Government of Persia, making it the state bank of Persia. The official history of the BBME is entitled "Banking and Empire in Iran" by Dr. Geoffrey Jones. In 1959, the BBME was acquired the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation and was actually renamed HSBC Bank Middle East in 1999..

p. 608 The passage with Thompson BROWN as "gardener" mentions HAWKINS along with Sir Thomas JACKSON as they all disembarked from the "Way-fung" - three family members in one swat!

Notes from F. H.H. King’s Vol 2 of The History of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation.
P.12 “On March 15, 1882, J.R.M. Smith and V.A.C. Hawkins left England for the East together, in 1884 Smith in Shanghai and Hawkins in Hong Kong received additional pay for their handling of tasks usually assigned a more senior officer, and in 1902 they were both in Hong Kong, both eligible to be appointed Chief Manager as Jackson’s successor.”
P. 14. Hawkins had been Chief Accountant as well as Sub-Manager at the Hong Kong Branch. He was also briefly Manager of Batavia, but otherwise he never left Head Office. When the decision in favour of Smith (to succeed TJ) was made, it is noted: “That the directors were aware of Hawkins claim is evidenced by their award to him of a solatium in the form of a salary increase; he was appointed Inspector of Branches until either Shanghai or San Francisco should be available”.
P. 15 “There is no record of Jackson’s own position. (With respect to the choice of his successor.) The list of Smith’s appointments suggests that Jackson may have been consciously preparing him for the succession; this is the most likely interpretation of the events. But it is unquestionably possible that Jackson was grooming his Sub-Manager Hawkins for the succession; if so, there were two problems: first Hawkins abilities were not universally acknowledged in the Bank and, secondly, Hawkins would appear to be a cousin of Jackson’s. The private meeting (of the Board of Directors with Jackson absent from his usual role of Secretary) would save Jackson from any embarrassment or, perhaps, responsibility for a choice that must be that of the directors.”
When Jackson visited Shanghai en route Home ... he seemed despondent ...One obvious interpretation is that Jackson was suffering the pain of leaving Hong Kong and all it had meant to him, but there are other interpretations which these thoughts and the subsequent association of Jackson and Hawkins on the board of the Imperial Bank of Persia make possible. (MY NOTE: With respect to the reference to the Imperial Bank of Persia. Remember Samuel Gilmore’s family memory of involvement with Persian stock exchange).
P. 161 With the death of David Jackson (1903) Hawkins was sent to replace him at Yokohama. Hawkins went on leave in 1907 and retired for health reasons.

This retiring for health reasons is intriguing, as the following notes from Banking and Empire in Iran by Geoffrey Jones, Hongkong and Shanghai banking Corporation, 1986 will show:

p.77 "In March 1908 Jackson invited another former Hongkong Bank man, V. A. Caesar Hawkins, to join the Board. Hawkins had been Chief Inspector of the Hongkong Bank, but had resigned in 1907, possibly because he felt he stood no further chance of promotion. As we shall see later, immediately after his appointment to the Board, Hawkins was sent to Persia on a mission which made full use of his Inspector's talents. He was to remain on the Board until September 1939."
p.96 ". In 1908 one director, V. A. Caesar Hawkins, calculated that the Bank only handled about 6.5% of Persia's foreign trade financing.(SEE: V.A. Caesar Hawkins to T. Jackson, 29 July 1908, X8/5, BBME – Archives of the British Bank of the Middle East)"
p. 108 "There was little gratitude for Rabino's achievements. Sir Thomas Jackson, who succeeded as Chairman after Sir Lepel Griffin's death on 9 March 1908, did observe to the shareholders at the Bank's nineteenth ordinary general meeting that Rabino had devoted 'unwearied attention to the interest of the Bank'. But the Board's private feelings were more revealing. Caesar Hawkins, sent out to Tehran during Rabino's last months, observed that as soon as Rabino's resignation had been made public, British members of the Bank's staff had started to criticise the Chief Manager. 'I think the following remark', Hawkins wrote to Jackson in July 1908, 'is worth recording which was made by one of them -"The IBP is now going to be a white man's bank not a Levantines." It was a less than generous epitaph to the man without whom the Imperial Bank might never have survived."
p. 122 "Caesar Hawkins was on a small committee involved in the allotments for the underwriting of a loan to the Persian government of £1 250 000."
p. 129 "There was also a considerable interlocking at director level between the Bank and the British companies in southern Persia. General Sir T. E. Gordon was one of the three directors of the Persian Transport Company. Charles Greenway's appointment to the Bank's Board in 1910 linked it to the oil company and when the Persian Railways Syndicate was established in the following year Greenway was its Chairman and Caesar Hawkins a director."
p. 183 "The Bank’s strategy during the War was, as with the Persian government, to recover debts and restrict new lending. By 1915 Chief Office was practically refusing to undertake any new business. This policy was enthusiastically supported by the Board in London. In September 1917, for example, Caesar Hawkins – Chairman of the Finance Committee – expressed his delight that Shiraz’s lending business had drastically fallen,’especially as exchange gives higher profits’.Two managers received the OBE after WWI."
p. 211 "A table showing the Imperial Bank’s Board in 1936 shows V.A. Caesar Hawkins to be 76 years old (hence born in 1860). He joined the Board in 1908."
p. 292 "V.A. Caesar Hawkins retired in September 1939 after 32 years service on the Board."



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