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NAMES: Andrew Coulter Bradford JACKSON; James GILLMER; Samuel BRADFORD; Alexander DICKIE; James W. McCULLAGH & James M. McCULLAGH; Eliezer GILMORE; Eliza Emily JACKSON nèe GILMORE; Miss PARKS; Thompson BROWN; Thomas JACKSON; Eliza JACKSON nèe OLIVER: McCOY, KELLY, MURRAY. OTHER PLACES: Ballybinaby, Co. Louth.
This letter came to me through the good graces of Mim Moorhead, daughter-in-law of Jeannie (Jackson) Moorhead who in turn was the grand-daughter of the author of the letter, Eliza (Oliver) Jackson. A further document, which is the original legal agreement of February 18, 1876 - upon which much of this letter turns - was shared with me by Wendy Jack. Any errors in transcription or interpretation are mine alone.
Sharon Oddie Brown, July 14, 2003
Update July 26, 2014. Footnotes amended.


Urker, January 19th 1891

My Dear Andy [1]
        There has been a new instance of "Loves labours lost" in Cavananore; and the pity is that James Gillmer [2] and the other worthies [3] who so generously gave their neighbour's property to Sam Bradford [4] did not live to see it. The case which I mistakenly wrote to you was to be tried on this day week was tried last Thursday [5] before Judge Monroe and the result was that Sam's [6] judicial lease was broken and the Receiver under the Court ordered to take possession of our part of Cavananore [7] next day. Accordingly, he came there on Friday accompanied by Bailiffs and evicted Mrs. McCoy*, Thomas Murray*, and an old woman who lives in one of the houses; allowing them to go in again as caretakers and giving each a penny a week. So you see that other people beside Alexander Dickie [8] can play at penny a week; and my poor innocent Sam is done with that part of Cavananore. The people who took the land in conacre [9] were in a state of desperation; they had given Sam securities for payment, and now will not get the lands. Kelly of Bally[binvie]** gave them great comfort; he said "Devil [mend] them, and that the Jacksons were always civil and decent people; & that nobody should have joined in a plan to rob them." Sam was allowed a certain time to remove his cattle & the judicial lease which he thought a great benefit was just what settled him; for he was not restrained from subletting by the lease he got from Messrs McCullagh [10] and Gillmer. Sam is due a year's rent to the Trustees, & a year's head rent last Novr. These rents must be paid before the farm can be disposed of; but the Bank of Ireland is a very good stake for payment. What the Courts will do with the land now that they have got possession, remains to be seen. There is a great difficulty in this case. A large part of the land is ploughed, and so left useless for grazing; and they cannot let it for conacre; that would be the same thing that Sam was condemned for. They must do something soon; as nothing will be made of it this year. Sam made awful swearing, but was not believed; he swore that the land was in as good condition as when he got it, & that his steward had cut the hedges unknown to him, and plenty more. The Lord grant him repentance. Our poor Peter has come to grief; he was tried in Armagh last Monday [11] for stealing a calf in the Novr. fair. He was convicted, & sentenced to 4 months imprisonment & hard labour. I am very sorry for him, but I fear there is no doubt of his guilt; and I would be at a great loss, only Eliezer [12] hired another boy for us, lest what has happened should take place. I was anxious to hear how Emily [13] is; she was far from well when I heard last. You should never be long without writing to me, and I would have written sooner only I wished to be able to tell you the result of this Cavananore affair which I only heard yesterday. I have not heard whether the scholars have returned to Miss Parks [14] . Eliezer has been ill with cold but is better. Thompson [15] has been ill also and some more of the family. Dear Tom [16] is to sail for home on the 5th of February. May God bring him safe and bless him. With love and blessing to you all

ever your affectionate Mother

Eliza Jackson [17]

* Mrs. McCOY and Thomas MURRAY
should have been names that were included in the footnotes when I first did this deed. It is complicated adding them in after the fact, but if I learn more of them, I will add that information here.
** This is probably KELLY of Ballybinaby, a townland of 485 acres in the Parish of Roche. Co. Louth.

[1] Andrew Coulter Bradford JACKSON (1846-1929 ). He was the third son of Eliza OLIVER & David JACKSON and brother of Sir Thomas JACKSON.
[2] James Birch GILLMER aka GILMORE (1808-1877), son of Eliezer Birch GILMORE & Rachel BIRCH. . Not all the Trustees appointed to deal with Andrew Coulter BRADFORD’s will had wanted to follow through with their duties and the upshot was that J.B. Gillmer was left with sole discretion   SEE: 1847 March 26.He then decided on his own to let Bradford’s niece Mary Jane Oliver and sister Margaret Bradford continue to live on the property rather than selling everything off. This meant that those who had inherited annuities (hence Barbara Donaldson) were getting short shrift.  The advantage also went to his niece Sally McCullogh wife of Thomas McCullogh of Dunraymond since she still received the bequeathed interest on a bond of £1,100 owed by her husband even though the annuities bequeathed to others were being left unpaid. It was even more galling that the value of the assets were quite probably diminishing due to mismanagement.
[3] SEE also: 176 Samuel BRADFORD agreement. At this time, the known trustee was: Thomas McCULLAGH of Derryvalley (1793-1877). He married his cousin, Sarah McCULLAGH (1816-1857) and is mentioned in a range of family financial dealings involving the JACKSONs. The initial trustees aka "the worthies" were: Thomas McCULLAGH (circa 1793-1877)of Dunraymond - son of Thomas McCULLAGH & Jane REED. He married Sarah McCULLAGH (1816-1857), daughter of Thomas McCULLAGH & Mary BRADFORD; James Birch GILLMER (aforementioned) and William CHARLETON (1798-1875) of Phillipstown, son of William CHARLTON & Dorothea DONALDSON..
[4] Samuel BRADFORD (1846-1915). This is the Samuel BRADFORD of many financial scandals that are mentioned in several letters by Elizabeth JACKSON to her son, Thomas JACKSON. He was probably born at Carnbeg, certainly owned leases there later in life, and died at Janeville, Dunleer, Co. Louth. He married Sarah Louisa Wilson on April 29th, 1885 at Garvary Church of Ireland, Parish of Enniskillen, Co. Fermanagh. They had two known children" Margart & Florence Louisa (1889-1952).
[5] January 15, 1891 would have been the date that the case was tried.
[6] Samuel BRADFORD (1846-1915). T
[7] Cavananore, a townland in Co. Louth, Parish of Creggan near Dundalk. Home of many BRADFORD & MCCULLAGH family members.
[8] Note: The DICKIE family names shows up several times in Jeannie Moorhead’s Birthday Book. This could be Alexander DICKIE (1831-1887) husband of Anna Maria McCULLAGH, or their son, Alfred Alexander DICKIE (1868-19330, both of Rochdale, lawyers. It could also be Thomas Coulter DICKIE a lawyer incolved in a lease of Cavananore with Mary Jane OLIVER (SEE: 1873 Dec 31 lease ) or his father John Thomas DICKIE.
[9] From the OED “Conacre. Also cornacre. In Irish land systems; the letting by a tenant, for the season, of small portions of land ready ploughed and prepared for a crop. [1869 … ‘Conacreing’ … is the subletting at enormous rents, of their ground by small tenants to their still smaller brethren.]
[10] James W. MCCULLAGH and James M. MCCULLAGH (Wendy Jack’s family has a copy of the original agreement from February 18, 1876)
[11] January 12, 1891 would have been the date that his case was heard.
[12] Eliezer GILMORE, brother to Eliza Emily (Gilmore) JACKSON
[13] Eliza Emily (GILMORE) JACKSON, wife of Andrew Coulter Bradford JACKSON
[14] Miss PARKS? Governess or school teacher. An Elizabeth PARKS who married Samuel Alexander COULTER had two sisters: Isabella & Mary Anne. Either Isabella or Mary Anne could have been the governess. Both sisters were mentioned in Tempests Annual Jubilee in 1909: Mr. Parks left two highly cultured and clever daughters, Isabella and Mary Anne, who up to a few years ago conducted a Ladies' School in Seatown Place with conspicuous success. SEE Jeannie Moorehead's Birthday Book - the September 15th entry.
[15] Thompson BROWN, husband of the Elizabeth “Bessie” (Jackson) BROWN, sister of Andrew Coulter Bradford JACKSON.
[16] Sir Thomas JACKSON (1841-1915), Eliza's son
[17] Eliza (Oliver) JACKSON, mother of Andrew Coulter Bradford JACKSON who was the father of Jeannie Coulter (Jackson) MOORHEAD whose personal archives were the source of this letter



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